Why do we have vertigo?

Written by: Dr. Juan Manuel Bruzón Delgado
Edited by: Anna Raventós Rodríguez

The head movement is perceived through three types of receptors: vestibular, visual and somatoestésicos (superficial and deep or proprioceptive).

Vestibular receptors are located in the inner ear, a bone cavity excavated in the temporal bone which houses also the auditory system. These receptors sense the movements of rotation and translation, as well as the position of the head relative to gravity.

Visual receptors perceive body movements in space relative to the next or distant references.

Proprioceptive receptors located in the tendons, joints and skin perceive the movement and position of various body parts and their contact with the ground.

Alteration in any of these receptive systems involves the appearance of a dizzying picture.


What is vertigo?

The feeling of vertigo comes from a distorted sense of body movement in space. This distortion can be a rotation, a translation (sensation of falling, momentum, rolling) or just a sense of instability.


Types of vertigo:

  • BPPV.
  • Vestibular deficit peripheral vestibular neuritis or abrupt.
  • Cochleovestibular deficit: infectious, of (secondary to drugs) ototoxic origin of autoimmune origin, post - traumatic, or genetic causes tumor origin.
  • Meniere 's disease
  • perilymphatic fistulae
  • Dehiscence anterior and posterior semicircular canals


Symptoms of vertigo

Vertigo is a consistent symptom in a sense of movement manifested by an impression of rotation and / or drunk. Often accompanied by autonomic signs such as nausea, vomiting and cold sweats. The patient remains conscious during crises. Vertigo may force the patient to change their lifestyle.


Treatment of vertigo

The diagnosis allows particularly propose an appropriate treatment, which can be pharmacological (antivertiginosos, corticosteroids) or vestibular rehabilitation and even with surgery or psychotherapy.


For more information consult the specialist in Otolaryngology .

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Juan Manuel Bruzón Delgado

Dr. Juan Manuel Delgado Bruzon is a specialist in otolaryngology with extensive professional experience. He is an expert in Child Otolaryngology, and functional endoscopic sinus surgery Surgery of the nose. He has made teaching both courses and conferences and currently plays its healthcare activity in the private sector, with free exercise of the specialty of Otolaryngology at the ENT Clinic Bruzon. He is a member of the Spanish Society of Otorhinolaryngology (SEORL) and the Madrid Association of Otolaryngology (AMORL).

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

View Profile

Overall assessment of their patients

TOPDOCTORS utiliza cookies propias y de terceros para facilitar su experiencia como usuario de nuestra web y captar datos estadísticos mediante el análisis de sus datos de navegación. Si usted continúa con la navegación, entendemos que nos ofrece su consentimiento para el uso de cookies. Puede cambiar la configuración de cookies u obtener más información here.