Acne is a chronic inflammation of the pilosebaceous unit of the upper face and trunk. It is one of the most common skin diseases, since 80-90% of humans suffers throughout his life. It is not a condition that evolves constantly, but has varying degrees of severity over time. It is important to treat and prevent acne, as some of the grains that appear can leave scars that are difficult to remove.
How acne develops
a sequential phenomenon is considered. Androgens induce excessive production of sebum which along with abnormal epithelial desquamation the hair follicle, causing obstruction of the follicle (comedo), benefiting the multiplication of the bacteria Propionibacterium acnes. This bacterium, with its lipolytic and inflammatory activity, induces new comedones, papules and pustules.
Why we have acne?
The exact cause of acne is unknown, but some factors have been identified that are related to the fact occur:- Sex hormones excessively stimulate the sebaceous glands, hence acne is most common during puberty.- The thick skin is more prone to acne by the fact that the pores are more easily blocked.- Stress- Consumption of snuff- Inadequate Cosmetics- Some drug treatments- Disturbances in the menstrual cycle: possibility of polycystic ovaries- Genetic factorsHowever, it is not true that dietary factors have a proven relationship with acne.
Effective treatment of acne
Treatment will vary depending on the severity of the case. Can be:- Topical treatment. It should be applied on clean skin once or twice a day. Topical medication includes various keratolytic substances that exfoliate the skin, anti - inflammatory and antibiotic responsible for controlling bacteria that infect the follicles.- Systemic treatment. It is including antibiotics, anti - inflammatory action and its antibacteraina on Propionibacterium acnes, hormonal treatments and anti - androgen in women. Isotretinoin is a drug that has revolutionized the treatment of severe, persistent or acne that leaves scars.
Importance of skin cleansing in acne treatment
The meticulous hygiene of the face is very important in an anti-acne treatment. Thus, the patient should wash your face twice daily with a suitable dermatological product. In fact, avoid using irritating soaps, antiseptics acids and sparkling gels, as they may irritate the skin. After cleaning the skin should be dried with soft touches and never rubbing. Subsequently a non-comedogenic moisturizer is applied, ie, plug the pores not.
It is inadvisable to use fat cream texture. The stains should be free of oils and carefully removed from night.
Should they remove pimples? Is it possible sun exposure?
It is not advisable to touch the grains or pimples. If desired the patient can perform cleaning of the skin or chemical peels in the doctor's expert dermatology .
With respect to sun exposure, although it is true that the sun can reduce injuries temporarily slightly, often comes later, in autumn, a flare, to thicken the skin. Hence, it is inadvisable intense sun exposure of the skin.
Edited by Patricia Crespo Pujante