People who want to improve their way to bite and smile, have a more harmonious face or rest well at night are candidates for orthognathic surgery. An intervention that corrects these alterations, whose origin is in an unfavorable proportion of the facial bones, and every time there is greater demand. Dr. Fernando Gómez López, head of the Unit of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Hospital Chiron Valencia Health, explains what the orthognathic surgery.
How can you detect if a person is a candidate for orthognathic surgery?
Some patients have significant alterations in occlusion. The teeth do not fit properly, teach the gum much to smile or can not close the mouth of all. Your profile may be elongated face with prominent chins, have little short jaw and face or profile and unaesthetic facial shape. Also in some cases they have very serious pictures of nocturnal snoring or sleep disorders. If the source of all these changes is in the shape and position of the facial bones, orthognathic surgery is the solution.
What is orthognathic surgery operation?
In many cases, orthodontic treatment is performed to prepare the teeth during operation after the jaws are moved to their ideal position and then treatment is stopped again adjusting orthodontic. However, if no serious disturbances and we expect that the teeth fit together in a stable manner, it can raise the surgery first, what is known as "First Surgery". In addition, leaves no external scars, all are inside the mouth, and, contrary to what people think, has very controllable discomfort.
It is, then, a multidisciplinary treatment
Yes, this treatment requires intimate and close cooperation of orthodontists and maxillofacial surgeons, specialists in the first and second occlusion and surgical specialists specifically qualified to perform these operations by the training they receive during their training.
How the operation is planned?
Thanks to the 3D planning computer can do a preview of surgery, see the exact millimeter we have to move teeth and bones, the future impact on the form and harmony and aesthetics of the smile and face and breathing space we will win. Is a great peace of mind for the patient, the surgeon and the orthodontist because we can very accurately plan the whole process. In any case the most important thing is always the experience and training of the treatment team.