Oral piercings are hot, but this does not mean they are not harmless, can actually cause multiple complications and oral lesions. To avoid this type of oral problems, both piercings lip and tongue should be placed and used in such a way that they can not collide with the teeth or interfere with the bite.
Risks of oral piercings
Complications that can develop out a piercing in the mouth include swelling, pain, difficulty speaking and chewing, change in perception of taste (dysgeusia), bleeding, excessive salivation (hipersialia), infection and tingling ( paresthesias).
In addition to these risks, you can also produce other consequences as periodontal lesions and alterations in the hard and soft tissues, both extraoral and intraoral placement. Oral clefts are the most common injury, followed by abrasions and pigmentation. With respect to the most common soft tissue is the mark left by the piercing (mark), followed by the loss of the papillae of the tongue (depapilación), overgrowth of tissue (keloids) and ulcer.
Despite these conditions, there is a lesion with alarming effects to those skilled in dentistry and periodontal as it occurs in about half of the carriers of piercings. The occurrence degree is greater in patients with metal piercing and extraoral positioning, especially for those who are located in the gums. This type of problem can arise first as injuries to the soft tissue and later gum as gum recession, which also leads to an aesthetic problem.
It is important to understand that before gums can retract, part of the underlying bone in the jaws may be lost. Following this bone loss inflammation and infection of the gums may occur. In addition, they encourage tooth decay and penetration of external and hard layer of the tooth, including the pulp tissue from toxic bacteria thus creating an infection and consequently, inflammation accompanied by terrible pain.
Prevention of periodontal disease
To ensure that there arise the oral problems discussed above, it is recommended to use only small pieces of jewelry. Piercings should not be able to rotate inside the lip, at which might contact the teeth and gums and thus cause an abrasive action, tearing or cutting of tissue, in addition to the chipping and cracking of enamel.
Moreover, always use parts of surgical grade stainless steel, titanium, 14-carat gold or other appropriate jewelry and avoid lower quality metals are advised. Also, keep teeth and gums clean and sanitized properly and schedule routine visits to your dentist so you can control your oral health.