Kidney stones are a set of crystals that are concentrated in the kidney and that grow. The main symptom is severe pain in the kidney. The treatment will depend on the size, shape and location of the kidney stone.
What is a kidney stone?
A kidney stone is a cluster of crystals that are concentrated in the kidney and that, normally, after a certain time, due to growth, they gain weight. And when they gain weight, they come off, they go down the ureter and that's when they give the famous nephritic colic.
Why are stones or kidney stones formed in the urinary system?
The stones of the urinary system can be formed for different reasons , but in general, most often, it is because a series of circumstances coincide that the patient that day drinks very little, it is hot and the urine is very concentrated because the patient is sweating, and all that makes urine go very concentrated. When the urine is so concentrated, a small crystal is deposited in the upper urinary system, in the kidney, and from that moment a stone begins to grow around it. Its formation is very similar to the cultured pearls that introduce a small grain of sand into the oyster and from it the pearl is formed. The stones are formed exactly the same, concentrically layered until their weight falls off the kidney or falls and changes place in the kidney.
What are the most frequent symptoms?
The most frequent symptom is nephritic colic , which is a chronic pain to waves, ups and downs but is usually very intense. Many ladies who have suffered say it is worse than a delivery and it is a typical pain that goes from the kidney to the groin, if the calculation is lower it is fixed in the males in the testicle and in the women in the labia major and is an extraordinarily intense pain. In addition, nephritic colic can later be complicated by another series of problems, such as fever.
How are stones or stones treated in the urinary system?
The stones of the urinary system are treated depending on the size. If the size we think is small and can be spontaneously expelled, it is done with medical treatment. If we think that it is not expulsable because of its size or location, it is treated with anything less today with surgery. They can be treated with extracorporeal lithotripsy, they can be treated with ureteroscopy, they can be treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy, all depending on size, shape and location, but never with classical surgery open for many years.
How can the formation of kidney stones be prevented?
In general for the population, the best prevention is to drink a lot of liquids. Drink 2 liters of liquids especially, mainly water, in winter and 3 liters in summer when you sweat more and urine is more concentrated , is the best prevention for lithiasis, much better and much more effective than any diet.