most common diseases of the ATM

Written by: Dra. Susana David Fernández
Edited by: Anna Raventós Rodríguez

Temporomandibular joint is one that relates the jaw to the cranium, and through which the articular disc easy movement thereof.

In the ATM, consisting of ligaments, muscles, vascular and nerve supply, two sides differ:

  • Part of the temporal bone and articular top of the disc,
  • Bottom of the disc and the condyle of the mandible.


ATM: most common pathologies

atm Myopathies

  • functional
  • Traumatic: lacerations, tears
  • Inflammatory: myositis
  • Degenerative, endocrine, metabolic and toxic
  • Development: anormogénesis, hyper-hypoplasia, neoplasm


  • Dislocations: discocondilar, temporodiscal
  • Traumatic: bony, capsular, disc
  • Inflammatory: Arthritis
  • Degenerative: osteoarthritis, ankylosis
  • Development: anormogénesis, hyper-hypoplasia, neoplasm


Treatment of pathologies TMJ

Treatment for TMJ depends on the suffered pathology. Broadly, usually mixed combination therapies (physiotherapy, TENS, acupuncture, psychology, osteopathy, etc.), and muscle relaxant drugs, analgesics and anti-inflammatories, with splints or other relaxation. In addition, sometimes it requires surgical treatment.


Prevention of pathologies TMJ

The best prevention is a good diagnosis to give the most appropriate advice for each case.

For example, the habit of chewing gum, an excessive degree of stress or actions affecting occlusion, may be some of the causes.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
Dra. Susana David Fernández

By Dra. Susana David Fernández

Susana David is a prominent dentist, orofacial expert prostheses, implantology and temporomandibular disorders. He has spent years combining his professional work with teaching, and has made numerous communications, articles and posters.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

This website uses its own and third-party cookies to collect information in order to improve our services, to show you advertising related to your preferences, as well as to analyse your browsing habits..