Parathyroid glands that regulate blood calcium content

Written by: Dr.Prof. Antonio Martín Duce
Edited by: Top Doctors®

The parathyroid glands are regulating blood calcium content. In case of excessive production of parathyroid hormone, the only treatment is surgery .

parathyroid glands The parathyroid are some endocrine glands, usually 4, located in the neck, behind the thyroid, whose mission is to secrete a hormone called parathyroid hormone (PTH), which regulates the blood calcium content. This mission is important because calcium is necessary for the proper functioning of the nervous system and muscle mineral, besides regulating the maintenance of good bone structure.

Its main diseases

The disorder is usually given is the excessive production of parathyroid hormone (hyperparathyroidism), which is extracted too much calcium from bone and leads to blood. This causes a softening of the bone and, less commonly, symptoms such as renal colic, calculations, apathy, fatigue, muscle weakness, hair loss and brittle nails, among many others.

The cause of this increased formation of parathormone usually, almost 100% of cases, a benign disease, either by an increase in all of the glands (hyperplasia) or a benign tumor (adenoma). In the latter case it may happen that the gland is one affected (most common), or more than one.

Treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism

The only is surgery. This is all the glands removed overworked. The human body can be adjusted perfectly with just half gland, you do not need the four. Surgery has as main risk of recurrent nerve injury that moves a vocal cord, with consequent voice disorders, among others. An added problem is the difficulty of finding these small glands, 0.5 to 1 cm, similar to fat and not always located in the same place, so it is advisable to be treated by experienced surgeons because, for these reasons the need for reoperation occurs more frequently than in other diseases.

It is important to know that this disease has nothing to do with the thyroid or the elevations of parathyroid hormone due to kidney problems or low levels of vitamin D.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr.Prof. Antonio Martín Duce

Dr. Prof. Martín Duce is a renowned expert in General Surgery. His more than 35 years of experience have made him a reference for thyroid and parathyroid surgery, for which he received an extraordinary award for his doctorate. His training has been developed in hospitals in the United Kingdom, France and the United States, among other countries. He is a member of several scientific societies and founder of the Spanish Association of Patients with Morbid Obesity (AEEOM). Currently, he is visiting the Nisa de Aravaca Hospital. He is also Professor of Physiopathology and Surgery.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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