The low mineral density of bone and the deterioration of bone tissue are responsible for osteoporosis. This causes the bone fragility to increase to a point where it can not withstand normal stresses. This is when your condition is in danger and the risk of fractures increases.
There are several types of osteoporosis divided into two categories, Primary Osteoporosis and Secondary Osteoporosis. In secondary Osteoporosis the loss of the bone tissue appears as a result of a disease or the consumption of drugs.
With regard to primary osteoporosis, they are the most frequent, and must be differentiated between those that are the result of a deficiency of estrogen (Osteoporosis type I) or, as a result of age.
Type I or lack of estrogen
With menopause, the production of estrogens decreases and they lose their role as responsible for the bone reabsorption in such a way that they reduce the bone loss that occurs when blood calcium decreases. This not only happens during menopause, although it is the most common, but any situation that interrupts menstruation in women, leads to a loss of bone density .
The most common effects are fractures of the radius bone and fractures due to crushing of the lumbar vertebrae, which produces, on the one hand, lumbar or dorsal pain and, in addition, loss of height.
This type of osteoporosis can occur in men if there is a decrease in the production of androgens. But this situation is rare.
Osteoporosis related to age
It usually appears around the age of 70 and affects both men and women. It occurs because the processes of destruction and bone formation are mismatched. This is why, in these ages, hip fractures, crushing and fractures of the vertebrae are frequent, producing back pain, loss of height, spinal deformity and kyphosis (hump).
Although it is true that it is a rare disorder, juvenile osteoporosis can also appear among the younger population. It affects women and men if a clear apparent cause and is characterized by the loss of trabecular bone.
In any case it is advisable to meet a series of routines that help when it comes to strengthening the health of the bones. This task becomes indispensable after 40 years, then it is extremely important to maintain a level of physical activity that promotes bone health, ensure an adequate dietary contribution and complete these care with the exposure of the skin to the sun, for the contribution Vitamin D vitamin.