Orthodontics is the part of Dentistry that is dedicated to the correct alignment and leveling of teeth. The patient usually comes for aesthetic problems, but it goes far beyond the aesthetic problems, it is necessary to make the mouth work.
For a mouth to work, there are two groups of teeth: grinding teeth and teeth that cut. When the teeth grind the teeth they should not cut and when the teeth cut the teeth they do not work. For that there are two security mechanisms, the first security mechanism is what we call the previous guide. The incisors are thus placed with torque and the lower incisors riding a little on the upper ones, then when doing the protrusion movements, the lower incisors are skating on the upper ones and they de-occlude the molars, they protect the molars. The teeth cut and the wheels stop working. The same goes for tusks. We normally chew by balancing and balancing the upper fangs, the lower ones skating on these opening the whole system, the incisors and the molars. When the teeth are well aligned and work well are much more beautiful and above all the mouth is much healthier, because it is much easier to maintain, you have no recesses, you can brush much better and work much better.
Types of orthodontics
The aesthetic treatments brought by the patients are divided into two groups: In children who have growth and in adults who are no longer going to grow. In children what we do is first remove pernicious habits that modify the alteration of the function, and that we do also with direct tracks stuck on the teeth without any kind of device, so that if the teeth start to work well they correct the bad formation of bony and dental structures. If the patient is older then what we have is a device that, to do it with fixed orthodontics, we use self-ligating orthodontics with aesthetic "brackets" or with metal "brackets" and now we are doing a lot in adults Orthodontics invisible. It has many advantages and some limitations. Advantages, which are very comfortable, they are transparent, they are very aesthetic, they are to remove and put ... and they have limitations, one of them is that it can be removed and put, that is, the patient can decide not to wear it and then does not act, because you have to have it in your mouth for more than 17 hours in a row. Other limitations are that they can not do all the movements we do with metal brackets or aesthetic "brackets".
Depending on the degree of severity of the malocclusion, if it is mild or moderate, we do what we call a "Set Up". We take a measurement and make a diagnostic wax and on that we do a "Moke Up", which is a few teeth, a screen like those used in the movies and we put some teeth to see how they are left. If the bad occlusion is already accentuated or serious, then what we do is, we take the same impressions, we digitize them and we do a "Set Up" in 3D in the model on the screen.
We have a philosophy of orthodontics and that leads to a type of appliance and we have a very clear scheme, that is, for an adult or middle-aged patient we are the ones who make the proposal, that is, the diagnostic tests, the x-rays and the models, the periodontogram ... Their analysis gives us a result and we already give a diagnosis with name and surname. That allows us to establish a prognosis and a treatment plan, and with that treatment plan we give a budget. What does that mean? The diagnosis is as if we were traveling and we say, well, let's go to Palma de Mallorca, do we like them both? Patient and clinic, perfect. Well, how are we going to Palma de Mallorca? And what Hotel are we going to? That depends on the money we want to spend. Here is a very clear example: I in Spain to Palma de Mallorca to a three star hotel I go without any problem, but I know there are four and there are five and five Grand Luxury. Well, in an orthodontic system the approach is the same, and we say, look for this diagnosis of this malocclusion we have this treatment- We advise and the patient chooses what type of hotel he wants to go to.