Coronary surgery consists of bridges (known bypass ) to the arteries of the heart with injuries. The goal is to get blood to them and thus avoid cardiac angina and myocardial infarction.
Coronary lesions can be treated by stents or surgically. Each patient benefits more from one or the other intervention depending on their characteristics.
Surgery is especially beneficial when many coronary vessels are affected, in diabetic patients and when cardiac function is depressed.
Coronary surgery can be performed with and without extracorporeal circulation. Arteries that are below the sternum, in the arm and veins of the legs can be used as grafts. Your specialist in Cardiac Surgery will explain what is most convenient for you.
Risks of coronary surgery
Nowadays coronary surgery is very safe and effective. After the intervention, it is normal to be in the ICU for 24-48 hours and receive a home discharge after a week in the plant.
From the beginning the patient walks and makes active life, returning to his normal life in about 3-4 weeks .
The complications nowadays very infrequent, being below 2-3% of the cases.