The prostate is an exclusively male organ and whose mission is to provide substances in semen accompanying sperm. With the passage of time and probably related to an imbalance between testosterone and dihydrotestosterone, an increase in size leading to symptoms in the urinary tract occurs.
In 90% of cases the increase in size of the prostate is benign origin and is called benign prostatic hyperplasia, and only in 10% of cases have a malignant origin and is what we call cancer.
Both hyperplasia and cancer can cause problems in the functioning of the lower urinary tract and cause symptoms such as urinary frequency, urgency, incontinence and urinary tract infections. They can also cause problems in the functioning of the kidneys and even get to urinary retention with inability to empty the bladder, which would entail the use of a urinary catheter.
Fortunately, there has been a revolution in treatments for prostate problems in recent years.
Advances in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia
The green laser 180 is one of the most innovative treatments for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It is to convert the gas prostate tissue and thus solve a very high percentage of patients with obstructive symptoms hyperplasia. The breakthrough with laser therapies is that it has managed to lower the rate of complications and shorten hospital stay, which is now reduced to less than 24 hours.
Advances in the management of prostate cancer
In the case of prostate cancer, progress is still greater. Choosing the most appropriate treatment depends on the type of tumor and patient characteristics.
On the one hand, the resonances allow us to identify the lesion in the prostate and, on the other hand, minimally invasive surgery can remove the prostate gland completely, with a hospital stay about three days.
Thus, the increase in life expectancy and the high frequency of these diseases assures us a future still see many more advances and surely provide fewer side effects and better prognosis for patients with these diseases.
However, what really makes the difference between the solution to the problem or not, is an early diagnosis that allows us to treat the problem when you have not damaged neighboring structures. Therefore, the recommendation to visit at least once a year to Urologist from 50 years is increasingly important in our day time.