Gynecological cancer is one that affects the genital tract of women. The most frequent are: ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, endometrial cancer and vulvar cancer. The cases of uterine and vaginal tubes can be considered more exceptional.
Of all of them, the only one that can be prevented is cervical cancer that is produced by the human papilloma virus that is transmitted through sexual intercourse and of which there are very effective vaccines that, if applied to the entire population, both Women like men, before having sex, would prevent cancer from occurring.
In this sector, many novelties have been made in its diagnosis. In the case of ovarian cancer or endometrial cancer, transvaginal ultrasound and 3D and 4D ultrasound have been decisive for the early diagnosis of these tumors , while in cervical and vulvar cancer detection of the virus Human papilloma, cytology and colposcopy are the main diagnostic tools available.
The symptoms and treatments
The three major symptoms in gynecology are leukorrhea , which is an increase in normal vaginal discharge, pain, located in the abdomen or external genitalia and vaginal bleeding. Any of these symptoms is a reason to visit the gynecologist for evaluation of them and research through tests of the possible causes of these symptoms.
Reviews are essential for the detection of gynecological diseases. In terms of frequency, it would be best once a year to start having sex, in order to inform about the risks of sexually transmitted diseases ( STDs ) and unwanted pregnancies and perform the appropriate diagnostic tests to the early diagnosis of the tumor.
Once the cancer has been diagnosed, its treatment is fundamentally surgical, although in most cases it must be complemented with radiotherapy , chemotherapy and occasionally hormone therapy.