The main pathologies treated in pediatric neurosurgery are craniofacial or spinal malformations (craniosynostosis, spina bifida ...), hydrocephalus (accumulation of fluid in the cerebral cavities) and brain and spinal cord tumors.
Classification of childhood neurological pathologies: congenital or acquired
The most frequent neurological congenital pathologies are cranio-spinal malformations, hydrocephalus due to genetic alterations and some tumors. However, most neuropediatric tumors are usually produced and diagnosed during the first years of life, classified as acquired lesions. Acquired hydrocephalus are due to structural alterations, such as brain tumors, spina bifida, intraventricular hemorrhages, meningitis and brain trauma.
Symptoms that alert a child to a neurological problem
The most common symptoms that may suggest that a child may be suffering from a neurological problem are alterations in the growth and neurological development of the baby, endocranial hypertension (headache, vomiting, visual disturbance, deterioration of the level of consciousness), between others.
Pediatric Neurosurgery Techniques and Results
The techniques of pediatric neurosurgery depend on the neurological problem to be treated:
- Cranio-facial malformations consist of remodeling the deformed skull or repairing the adjacent malformation at the spinal level.
- Hydrocephalus is treated by placing a shunt that connects the cerebral cavities to the peritoneum.
- In some cases the use of the intraventricular endoscope is sufficient to treat these conditions.
- Surgery of brain tumors will depend on the location, size and strain to try to perform the maximum possible excision of the lesion.
In most of the intervened cases, optimal results are obtained, with a substantial improvement in the patient's quality of life. Although it can be objectified that the final prognosis will be determined by the magnitude and aggressiveness of the disease in question.
For more information, consult a specialist in Neurosurgery .