Sudden death: what causes it and how to avoid

Written by: Dr. Roberto Martín Reyes
Published:
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Any athlete who do sport regularly must perform regular checks. The fundamental tests are electrocardiogram, a stress test and an echocardiogram, which are performed by the specialist Cardiology .

In the vast majority of cases, adequate medical history and physical examination, together with the above tests, they can detect heart disease predisposing cause sudden death related to sport.

Causes of sudden death

Sudden death is the sudden and unexpected onset of cardiac arrest in a person who is apparently healthy and in good condition. Usually it is due to ventricular fibrillation, malignant cardiac arrhythmia.

This produces a chaotic arrhythmia cardiac electrical activity that is not able to generate cash heartbeat.

Ventricular fibrillation is rare in healthy hearts. In persones over 35 years, the most common cause is acute myocardial infarction. In young people is often related to previous heart disease that can affect both the heart muscle (cardiomyopathies, including most often associated is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy) as the electrical activity of the same (ion channel, as Brugada syndrome or long QT syndrome).

Sudden death

 

Avoiding sudden death

The vast majority of patients suffering sudden death and receive no medical care die in a few minutes. It is therefore essential immediately to notify emergency services and start effective CPR as soon as possible.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Roberto Martín Reyes
Cardiology

Dr. Martin Reyes is a renowned interventional cardiologist and clinical coronary, structural and congenital disease. He specializes in sports medicine and smoking. Exercised in the cardiology department of La Luz Clinic and Hospital Jimenez Diaz. It has launched cardiological services, has developed several projects in the art and has been rewarded for their results.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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