Throughout life have all suffered some point spine - related pain, albeit a simple lumbago, so most queries in Neurosurgery are related pathologies column. These can be degenerative (disc, arthrosis ...), tumor or those who need a reinforcement of the vertebrae with techniques such as kyphoplasty.
How often treated back complaints
The first track will boarding with conservative treatments. Among them is to rest, take anti-inflammatories, physiotherapy sessions or swimming, because it is a sport that helps significantly in backaches. However, if the condition is in a more advanced stage, it is necessary to resort to surgical techniques.
Do pathologies approaches are minimally invasive back?
In many cases the approach is minimally invasive, but in other conventional surgery is used. In any case, you can now treat many diseases with minimal incisions, microsurgery, endoscopy and even punctures or percutaneous techniques that avoid conventional surgery. In this sense, neurosurgery is a specialty where there has been more technological advancement, both in materials (prostheses ...), as in appliances or novel, such as gene therapies to regenerate tissues such techniques.Minimally invasive techniques have many advantages: they are simpler interventions, recovery is faster, the patient suffers less pain and return to everyday life is early, something very important, because back pain is the leading cause of low medical. But above all, should be valued the good results obtained with minimally invasive techniques, the main reason for its use.
Operative neurophysiological monitoring to know the patient 's condition
Operative neurophysiological monitoring is a practice that involves placing electrodes on the patient during surgery. This allows the medical team know the status of the connections between muscle, peripheral nerves, bone and brain, to ensure that during the operation no neurological structure is damaged. Thus postoperative neurological injuries are avoided.
Operative neurophysiological monitoring, also in brain surgery?
In the case of brain surgery technology is even more spectacular: stereotactic systems, neuronavegadores, etc.. These increasingly precise systems are advancing the deep brain stimulation surgery to treat movement disorders and Parkinson 's , and is studying its application in depression, obsessive compulsive disorder or epilepsy, all with promising results.
Future advances in neurosurgery
In the field of neurosurgery innovation it is coming through many avenues. Thus, there are new systems prosthesis increasingly aggressive approaches, implants that allow replace damaged structures (disk-level, mostly). In the near future (although they are still under investigation) will become important biological substances and gene therapy, especially in relation to tissue regeneration.