The floaters are usually a dark and small size mobile spots that can appear anywhere in the visual field. They can be rounded or fusiform and are often multiple. Also called floaters.
Although in general can not be considered an important ophthalmological problem, are a frequent complaint that concerns affected patients.
The floaters are a consequence of an alteration of the vitreous humor, which is a transparent gelatinous substance located in the vitreous cavity of the eye.
The vitreous abnormalities may be secondary to aging, trauma or inflammation. People with myopia often have vitreous abnormalities early.
There is currently no pharmacological or any topical or systemic treatment proven effective to eliminate floaters.
In selected cases of very large or numerous floaters that interfere significantly in the vision can perform a surgical intervention called vitrectomy.
Living with floaters
The floaters are usually more obvious and annoying in very clear and bright. It is recommended that patients wear sunglasses in these environments to minimize the perception of floaters.
However, over time the visual impact of floaters usually alleviated as the patient gets used to them and tend to perceive less consciously.
Any sudden change in perception of the number or size of the usual floaters should consult an ophthalmologist.
Also, if the floaters will accompany the photopsias ( perception of light flashes ) consultation to be urgent ophthalmologist to rule out the existence of a break in the retina that could cause retinal detachment.