Much of the population suffers from a varicose veins problem. This problem can be expressed in varying degrees, but in general it often causes significant discomfort and aesthetic problems.
What are varicose veins
Varicose veins are veins that do not function properly, so there is an increase in pressure inside and outside the vein. This involves a dilation that causes different symptoms:
- Heaviness or leg pain
- Restless legs
- Injury to the skin
Treatment for varicose veins
When someone perceives that they have varicose veins, it is important that the patient undergoes a revision by the vascular surgeon to indicate the severity of the problem. In this review a physical examination will be made and the status of the venous circulation will be assessed, which will allow to establish the severity of the problem and to choose the most appropriate treatment.
Traditionally, varicose veins have been treated by surgery. In this process the affected venous trunk is extracted along with the collateral veins that are varicose. This treatment is considered aggressive and requires anesthesia. The major problem appears in the postoperative period, which can be very annoying and does not allow an immediate reincorporation into normal life. This surgery also involves nerve injuries, causing areas of the skin that lose sensitivity, bruising or scarring.
The treatment for varicose veins less aggressive and effective is sclerosis with microfoam. This consists of an injection of a sclerosing agent into the affected veins. This injection provides an inflammation that contributes to the disappearance of the varices and the main venous axis on which they depend. This treatment can be done on an outpatient basis and without anesthesia, so that the patient can walk at the moment and does not suffer a postoperative that prevents him from entering normal life immediately.
Another non-aggressive treatment is the administration of microfoam through a catheter. By means of a puncture in the injured venous axis it is possible to eliminate the varices, also allowing to treat both legs in a session, something that can not be done with the surgery. This treatment is also done in the outpatient setting, but under local anesthesia. With this treatment also can become normal life after finishing the intervention.