Meniscus, the knee protector

Written by: Dr. Sergi Sastre Solsona
Edited by: Top Doctors®

La lesión de menisco es un problema de rodilla grave. Meet in this article the different types of injuries and their consequences "src =" / files / Image / large / 557ac4c5-cc84-4519-8737-446f0a81047f.jpg "style =" float:. Left "/> The <strong>meniscus</strong> is a structure elastic consistency which is between the femur and tibia, acting as a damper. Has a special crescent shaped to engage the femur perfectly with the tibia. We have two menisci in each knee, one external and one internal. </p><p> The <strong>most common mechanism of injury</strong> is a twist of the knee. They occur singly or meniscal lesions associated with ruptured ligaments (ACL, medial ...) and / or articular cartilage. </p><p> </p><h2> <strong>Types of injury</strong> </h2><p> The most frequently affected meniscus is the back of the medial meniscus, but can be injured anywhere, depending on the movement made. Due to the special form of blood supply to the meniscus, there are two kinds of breaks: more localized stations (where there is no blood and you have to resect the lesion, and that does not heal) and located more peripheral (which does get blood supply and possible suturing and keep). </p><p> When 'entire meniscus' breaks and you have to dry it, the pressure between femur and tibia increases up to 300%, resulting in cartilage wear medium term and early osteoarthritis. That is why, whenever possible, be preserved and sutured meniscus. Suturing the meniscus can now performed arthroscopically smoothly, allowing conserve natural 'shock' of the knee. </p><p><strong> </strong></p><h2> <strong>Consequences of withdrawal</strong> </h2><p> It all depends on the amount and the area of ​​broken and resected meniscus more resected meniscus, more likely in the medium term sequelae. If pain and limitations due to wear of the cartilage after year, there are other treatment options: from the meniscal replacement with artificial implants or collagen meniscus transplant donor grafts. There are also new treatments for focal cartilage lesions, as used with stem cells from their own bone and BST-Cargel. </p>                            
                                    <span class= Orthopaedic Surgery in Barcelona

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Sergi Sastre Solsona
Orthopaedic Surgery

Dr. Sergi Sastre Solsona is an orthopedic specialist section of Knee Clinic Hospital highlighted. Practice arthroscopic surgery as a treatment par excellence. He completed his training in Presbiteryan Medical Center (Columbia University ), Shoulder and Sports Medicine Department, with Prof. LU. Bigliani New York.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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