Permanent makeup or micropigmentacion

Written by: Top Doctors®
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Permanent makeup is a possible option to be impeccable whatever the time of day. A makeup that does not run, does not go away and that allows you to be made up even when it's just lifted.

What is permanent makeup?

Permanent makeup or micropigmentation consists of a microimplant of pigments that is made in the most superficial part of the skin epidermis- and that can be applied in different parts of the body such as the eyebrows, the edge of the lips or the eyes. Thus, Micropigmentation is called the introduction of pigment granules of different shades in the dermal tissue with the help of very thin needles that are connected to a Dermograph. The Dermograph is an electrical device that produces oscillating movements that manage to deposit the pigment in the epidermis.

Get a permanent make-up, which does not go away and allows to be made up even when fresh 

Two types of permanent makeup

There are two types of permanent makeup: one that is cosmetic and permanent make-up of corrective type. The cosmetic makeup has as a function to beautify. Within this type we can include the delineation of eyebrows, upper and lower lip and delineation of eyes. Permanent makeup for corrective purposes is indicated for all those who have suffered accidents and as a result have lost their eyebrows or suffer deformations of the lips. It is also indicated to cover scars and pigmentation of areolas that have been blurred by some operation. Thus the pigment of permanent makeup is implanted in the epidermis at a depth of approximately 0Ž07mm. In this case the color is removable and can be removed - and lasts on average for 5 to 7 years.

How it is performed?

At first the expert marks the path to follow. Then, enter the pigments millimeter by millimeter with a needle. It is necessary that during the implementation of the pigment the specialist clean the excess material with a wet cotton swab in order to disinfect and have a clear image of the path to follow. The apparatus used in Micropigmentation consists of a motor, in which the needles are inserted, which transmits oscillating movements. This movement allows the product to come off gradually and in this way accumulates in the epidermis. The needles usually have a diameter that ranges between 0.25 and 1.75 mm depending on the type of appliance.

There are also different head models depending on the model to be used. During the process it is important that the skin is very tight to avoid pinching with the needles. The access angle to the ideal skin is 90º because it allows a well-defined path. Of utmost importance is also that the needles and the container for the pigment are disposable in order to prevent the spread of any disease such as AIDS or hepatitis. The path can vary in intensity depending on the number of needles used. For a thinner marking, a smaller number of needles should be used, while for more intense results a greater number of tips will be needed.
Duration of Micropigmentation

The procedure of the Micropigmentation is a permanent procedure that is to say, that if we do not like the form it can not be eliminated but it can be modified. Therefore we refer to a makeup method that is based on the implementation of pigments in the skin that are permanent but in no case definitive. Thus, with the passage of time said pigments are losing color while their intensity is attenuated. It depends to a large extent on the type of life of the person who is undergoing this process the duration of the same as there are factors such as prolonged exposure to the sun that can change the color and intensity of the paths.

Phases of Micropigmentation

First phase. After the treatment is carried out, an inflammation is produced that is caused by the repetitive penetration of the needles. In this phase an increase in vascular permeability and a serous exudate develops. In turn, there is an increase in leukocytes and macrophages, being able to observe free pigment particles in both the epidermis and the dermis.

Second stage. In this phase, the process of scarring and superficial crust formation takes place.. During the formation of this, the color darkens. It is only a misleading assessment that disappears once the crust falls. This process takes about four or five days.

Third phase. At this time the renewal of the epidermis and the recovery of collagen is produced, an essential component for the skin to maintain its elasticity. In turn, the pigments redistribute in such a way that those that had been deposited in the most superficial layers disappear by cell renewal. This results in a decrease in the hue of the color so that more natural results are visible. This phase takes place 10 days after the intervention.

Fourth phase. In this phase total repair of the epidermis occurs. The pigment particles are distributed between the collagen particles and around the capillaries of the dermis. At the same time, the color is further clarified because the granules close to the hair bulbs are quickly eliminated due to the sebaceous secretion.

Types of pigments

The pigments that are introduced in Micropigmentation can be of two types: organic and inorganic.

Organic pigments. They are those that have carbon as a fundamental element. They are generally less advisable than inorganic pigments because they have a higher incidence of allergic reactions. In addition, being formed by particles of different sizes there may be a risk of migration.

Inorganic pigments These pigments have iron oxide as a fundamental component. The possibility of allergies with this type of pigments is practically null. On the other hand, permanent makeup made with this type of products offers greater fixation and guarantees a more uniform color loss.

Pain and anesthesia

The procedure is not painful although in certain cases and depending on the patient, anesthesia is required. This anesthesia can be administered in gel form through the application of 4% Lidocaine - or through an injection applied in the area to be used. Lidocaine produces only a slight numbness of the skin within 15 minutes of its application. Once the process is finished, the skin should be treated with an antiseptic to avoid any type of infection. Before the intervention it is advisable not to take alcohol, aspirin, anticoagulant drugs, vitamin E supplements, garlic or herbs in order to avoid further bleeding since these substances liquefy the blood.

To consider

It is very important at the time of deciding on Micropigmentation the choice of a good center and a specialist who knows this technique well. The procedure is relatively safe but there are risks of infection and contamination if the instruments used are not properly disinfected. You should always choose an experienced specialist, a dermatologist or a beautician who are knowledgeable and have practice in the process of permanent makeup. It is important to require that the needles are not expired and without a doubt that they are disposable. The intervention must be carried out with surgical gloves and having performed a previous allergy test. This test is done using a red pigment since this is the color that produces the most noticeable allergic reaction if it exists. After a period of 5 years the Micropigmentation made loses its color so it is necessary to apply a color renewal. Once the color becomes paler it is time to do the retouching. Before beginning the procedure the specialist draws the contour to be treated with a semi-permanent marker. In case the result is not the desired the specialist may perform a pigment lift. This can only be used in small areas and consists of a salt / salt mix solution that is applied to lift the product. In the event that the area to be treated is larger, a more extensive treatment such as lasers will be needed. In that case you should contact a dermatologist. In the tattooed area you can apply an additional makeup that increases the permanent makeup. There is also no contraindication in the combination of Micropigmentation with cosmetic surgery. However, the most common is to have the surgery before the permanent makeup in order that the latter can correct any type of imperfection after the intervention.




Source: Revista El cuerpo
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
 Redacción de Topdoctors

By Redacción de Topdoctors

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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