Spots on the skin: causes and treatments

Written by: Dra. Petra Vega López
Published: | Updated: 15/11/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Why the appearance of spots on the skin?

The spots on the skin can appear for various reasons, the 2 most important are the excess of sun and age but also are very important hormonal changes such as pregnancy, assaults to the skin as scratches or small traumas and finally it is also important the taking of some medicines such as contraceptives. In all these cases the skin can react staining and can do so in 2 ways, or appearing very localized spots, very round, which are called lentigines or in a diffuse way, with spots like sauté all over the face, neck and so on that we call melasma


What treatments are there to eliminate them?

To eliminate stains we have four treatments. All of them must be accompanied before, during and after a home treatment based on a depigmenting cream and sunscreen. The four   treatments available are depigmenting masks, is applied uniquely and the patient keeps it for a few hours at home following the reviews in the clinic. The peelings approximately take place from 4 to 8 sessions, they are carried out in the consultation with a biweekly frequency. The treatment with pulsed light that usually takes about 4 to 6 sessions, also often biweekly. And finally, the laser that is usually a unique treatment, sometimes requires a small touch-up, is performed in the consultation and sometimes is performed under local or topical anesthesia.


What results do these treatments offer?

The visible stain is always the tip of the iceberg of the stain that is underneath so all the stained skin should always be protected from that moment. With the current treatments we can always reduce and improve the appearance of the spots and in many cases we will make these spots disappear.


When is it advisable to combine the treatments?

In general, masks and peelings are going to be used in dark skins and dark eyes, while laser and pulsed light we will use them more in light skins and light eyes. However sometimes we can find that a single technique does not just eliminate that spot and we must complement it. It is very common that we use and combine treatments. Let's start by peeling, combine with a pulsed light, end up with a laser or a mask. Therefore, from the combination of the four treatments we will obtain the best results and as many times we will be able to get that spot to disappear.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dra. Petra Vega López
Aesthetic Medicine

Prestigious specialist in Aesthetic Medicine, Dr. Vega López has a degree in Medicine and Surgery from the Autonomous University of Barcelona, ​​in addition to studying various courses and master's degrees related to their specialty. Since 1986, it is dedicated exclusively to clinical practice in all areas of their specialty. He is the current President of the Spanish Society of Aesthetic Medicine. In addition to their daily work, Dr. Vega is actively involved in the regulation and updating of Aesthetic Medicine in Spain both scientific and institutional and publication of scientific articles.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

View Profile

Overall assessment of their patients