The dental malocclusion is the misalignment of teeth together. It may also be an incorrect relationship of the teeth with their bony bases that are evident with alterations in the form of biting normally.
Causes of malocclusion
Specialists in Dentistry claim that there are various causes for this disease, the most common are:
- Change in type of diet in children. If a regular soft food intake is introduced, it is little stimulates the muscles so consequently the jawbone is little developed.
- oral and respiratory habits. This may affect the development of the jaws, which can cause deform or alter its position.
- Premature loss of baby teeth hinders the appearance and proper placement of permanent teeth.
Dental malocclusion, treatment
Treatment for malocclusion varies depending on the problem to be corrected and the patient's age. Different treatments are classified as:
- Preventive treatment: It aims to eliminate child deforming habits. It is indicated in patients with milk teeth or having mixed dentition permanent teeth, and teeth.
- Interceptive treatment: It is designed to facilitate the eruption of permanent teeth, in addition to adjust the size and position of the jawbone, exploiting the potential of growth and development of children, ages own mixed dentition. It is functional problems.
- Corrective treatment: This treatment is done when the patient already has all permanent teeth and generally is aesthetic problems.
Malocclusion may also be treated with orthodontics in some cases, either fixed or removable, conventional or aesthetics.
Treatment outcome depends on various factors, such as a correct diagnosis and appropriate selection of technique. The collaboration by the patient in the care and use of orthodontic and dental hygiene habits and health status in general are also important.
Edited by Noelia García Pino