Bad breath or halitosis, is caused, in most cases, for reasons of oral origin. For this reason, at first specialists in Dentistry and Stomatology look for the causes and possible treatments in the area of the oral cavity.
One of the main problems of this disease is that, often, the sufferer can not perceive and is the last to know what its effects are unpleasant, so only when someone says what comes to realize. That's where the dentist has an important role both in the diagnosis of this situation and treatment of possible causes.
Bad breath can be fleeting, transient, chronic or permanent. This depends mainly on the origin and whether it is local or systemic.
Causes of bad breath
Among the main causes of bad breath are, first, those relating to the dental arch:
- Presence of tooth decay in poor condition
- Existence of periodontal disease unhygienic
- Tartar accumulation or presence of food debris between teeth. If after eating the person does not brush your teeth, food debris fall into decay and cause bad breath, hence the importance of good oral hygiene.
- Consumption of snuff, coffee and alcoholic beverages
Treatment of bad breath
Treatment of bad breath in most cases is aimed at removing the causes of oral origin that cause. In this regard, it is important to take care oral hygiene in order to reduce the microorganisms of the oral cavity which can be accomplished by mechanical or chemical methods.
Among the mechanical methods include removing plaque and cleaning dentures because if proper hygiene is not performed thereof, bacterial growth is favored in them.
To remove plaque is necessary to perform a proper brushing after each meal but also use certain auxiliary hygiene techniques such as dental floss or interproximal brushes to remove food debris between teeth.
It is also very important to clean the tongue as this is the major source of halitosis and is an important reservoir of bacteria. In addition to these techniques can be used mechanically removing some chemical methods, such as mouthwashes help in some cases to eliminate and other disguise halitosis. The most desirable are those with antibacterial agents such as triclosan, zinc chloride or chlorhexidine whose continued use reduces bacterial flora responsible for halitosis but should be controlled by the dentist to avoid possible adverse effects. There are also toothpastes and sprays for the same purpose.
On the other hand, in cases where the cause of bad breath is a dental pathology should make appropriate treatment as a filling or root canal ( "remove the nerve") for cavities or if it is very advanced; change the retentive and filtered fillings and prosthetics, both fixed and removable, which are in poor condition. It also should be made professional cleanings or curettage in the event that there is periodontal disease