Shoulder Dislocation

Written by: Dr. Daniel Ferro Miguel
Edited by: Top Doctors®

The shoulder is a joint formed by a ball and a cup, which when separated or dislocated gives rise to an instability that can be complete or partial. There are different types of shoulder instability, dislocation of the main joint being the most frequent, commonly known as the act of dislocating.

The causes can be of two types: traumatic and non-traumatic. In the case of traumatic injuries, they are frequent in sports practice, especially in throwing sports, or due to falls and traumatisms. The repositioning of the shoulder can be very expensive and the situation, painful and unpleasant for the patient. Non-traumatic, on the other hand, can give rise to another type of multidirectional instability, since the shoulder can dislocate in any direction.


There are different types of shoulder instability


Its symptoms, evident

In the case of traumatic dislocation, the symptoms are usually evident, as the shoulder comes off and the inability to move the arm in any direction appears. In the cases of instability due to laxity or hyperelasticity , on the contrary, the symptoms can vary a lot, ranging from shoulders that come off and are placed practically without any pain, to the progressive pains and the sensation that the shoulder is going to be dislocated .



Going through the operating room is not always the best treatment for shoulder dislocation. Your diagnosis is key to the treatment leading to success or failure. In the surgical procedure, it is usual to perform an arthroscopy using a minimally invasive approach, the results of which are usually very favorable.

In cases of laxity and multidirectional instability, the indicated treatment is non-surgical, requiring expert hands of physios and rehabilitators. Traumatologists would only act in case the non-surgical route failed and the patient continued with the symptomatology.


*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Daniel Ferro Miguel
Orthopaedic Surgery

Prominent orthopedic surgeon with over 20 years of experience. He specializes in orthopedic and trauma surgery. Since 2003 he is Head of the Unit Knee and Shoulder Hospital La Zarzuela in Madrid.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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