The shoulder is a joint formed by a ball and a cup, which when separated or dislocated gives rise to an instability that can be complete or partial. There are different types of shoulder instability, dislocation of the main joint being the most frequent, commonly known as the act of dislocating.
The causes can be of two types: traumatic and non-traumatic. In the case of traumatic injuries, they are frequent in sports practice, especially in throwing sports, or due to falls and traumatisms. The repositioning of the shoulder can be very expensive and the situation, painful and unpleasant for the patient. Non-traumatic, on the other hand, can give rise to another type of multidirectional instability, since the shoulder can dislocate in any direction.
Its symptoms, evident
In the case of traumatic dislocation, the symptoms are usually evident, as the shoulder comes off and the inability to move the arm in any direction appears. In the cases of instability due to laxity or hyperelasticity , on the contrary, the symptoms can vary a lot, ranging from shoulders that come off and are placed practically without any pain, to the progressive pains and the sensation that the shoulder is going to be dislocated .
Going through the operating room is not always the best treatment for shoulder dislocation. Your diagnosis is key to the treatment leading to success or failure. In the surgical procedure, it is usual to perform an arthroscopy using a minimally invasive approach, the results of which are usually very favorable.
In cases of laxity and multidirectional instability, the indicated treatment is non-surgical, requiring expert hands of physios and rehabilitators. Traumatologists would only act in case the non-surgical route failed and the patient continued with the symptomatology.