Implant treatment in edentulous patients with large maxillary atrophy, which allows the placement of a fixed prosthesis, remains a challenge for the specialist in Oral Surgery and Maxillofacial. Total dentures are poorly supported by patients because of their mobility, their discomfort when talking, laughing, let alone eat. All this undermines their self-esteem.
To prevent this from happening, you need to place dental implants securely support these prostheses. But there are serious limitations to this: limited and insufficient amount of residual jawbone, a large maxillary sinuses and the proximity of the nostrils. This helps can not place dental implants conventionally. To treat these cases as complex have two techniques, bone grafts scale and zygomatic implants.
Zygomatic implants are an alternative for those patients who have lost all their teeth or implants and bone in the upper jaw. It is longer implants, which are placed from the residual jawbone to the zygomatic arch or malar bone. They can be combined with conventional implants in the anterior part if available bone at that level or two zygomatic implants can be placed on each side, zygoma technique called quad (quad).
Zygomatic implants surgery
Placing zygomatic implants is a procedure that is usually performed under general anesthesia. It is one that does not require hospitalization day surgery. With this technique, placing a provisional prosthesis fixed it is performed in the first 24-48 hours after surgery (immediate function). Thus immediate rehabilitation and fixed in the jawbone that allow proper mastication, better aesthetics and above all, an improvement in quality of life is achieved.
Studies (with success rates of between 94 and 100%) show that zygomatic implants are a very good alternative for implant-supported rehabilitation without grafts in patients with maxillary reabsorbed or with prior loss of implants.
This is a predictable procedure with a low complication rate.