The diverticula of colon: as they are and prevent

Written by: Dr. Fermín Mearin Manrique
Edited by: Top Doctors®

The diverticula of the colon are small dilatations (like sacs) that are formed in the walls of the colon. They are caused by increased pressure inside the bowel and weakness of the wall, just as it could happen in a tire.

The diverticula are frequently located in the sigma, which is the final part of the colon that is before the rectum (in the lower left part of the abdomen).. They are a very frequent finding and they have it more than half of the people older than 60 years. A diet rich in fiber (fruit and vegetables) decreases the risk of diverticula by improving bowel movements.


The existence of diverticula of the colon is not a problem in itself and many people do not cause any discomfort. In other patients there are discomforts of the "intestinal spasm" type similar to what occurs in irritable bowel syndrome. Rarely, diverticula become inflamed and produce abdominal pain and fever; in these cases if you have to perform special tests and a specific treatment with antibiotics.

When episodes of inflammation recur or complications arise (such as perforation, hemorrhage, or collections of pus), surgery should be performed to remove the area of ​​the colon where the diverticula are located.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Fermín Mearin Manrique

Eminence specialty, is currently the director of the Department of Gastroenterology of the Teknon Medical Center. Doctor Cum Laude at the Autonomous University of Madrid, has experience in professional and research centers of excellence such as the Mayo Clinic in the United States and the Hospital Vall d'Hebron in Barcelona.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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