The teens is the stage at higher risk to start substance. However this fact ignored until relatively few years of scientific research, today remains unexplored land.
In adolescence many changes occur a torrential. The teenager leaves the concrete thinking of the child and begins to develop the abstract and flexible thinking adult. Experience huge changes in their anatomy and physiology. But its biggest crossroads is the ambivalence felt between prolonging his childhood and obey the imperative to leave behind children's dependency needs. That is, difficulty in opting for a separate and independent adult identity.
Teen fighting her parents and other authority figures as projected onto them their own dependency needs. Opt for thinking they want to remain a small child, because it can not accept the one who really fear the consequences of ceasing to be a child. This generates a alternating attacks and state of subjugation against parents. Normally parents show perplexity and react with hostility to such attacks which helps contaminate the relationship with his son and closes a circle of irrationality that harms both. It is easy to see that such attacks are nothing more than an external representation of the internal conflicts of teen.
Adolescence is an emotionally chaotic stage in which the subject needs to carry out a profound reorientation of its interior and its patterns of interpersonal relationship without, however, a clear pattern. Therefore it uses the method of trial and error and looking for new IDs and indestructible alliances with peers to validate their choices and changes and will provide, at a time, about feelings of invulnerability and omnipotence that allow you hide from his consciousness the terrible fragility and insecurity. It's what makes incur behaviors and constantly seek new sensations without assessing, however, adequately the risks incurred by.
We must emphasize that the high incidence found in several psychiatric disorders ( affective disorders with suicidal ideation, attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity, anxiety disorders and conduct disorders essentially ) in adolescents who abuse or are dependent on toxic. All changes experienced at this stage of life increase vulnerability to stress, frustration and anxiety. These events promote substance use as a automedicaciones tested randomly but eventually selected for their emotional experience. Thus, after testing the effect of different toxic the phobic probably opt for alcohol, cannabis anxious, depressed or hyperactive by psychostimulants or passive aggressive or dependent on opiates.
Clearly, the use of these substances away the teen real resolution of their conflict, promote your school failure, causing derailment staff to introduce you to marginality circuits that eventually led him to crime.
With teenagers must strive to understand what's behind the problem apparent that present and formulate a comprehensive solution set and the real underlying problem. It is not enough to label the teen consumer with a code and applying a standard treatment. Too much is at stake and we have little time to act. Once the behavior is reinforced is much more difficult to promote a change.
A successful intervention early can redirect a wrong path and prevent the destruction of the future life of the adolescent and his family. On the contrary, an error or delay in treatment can have catastrophic consequences.