Tinnitus are sounds that are heard in the ears or in the head but do not exist in the environment.
It is often described as a buzzing or beep that is felt most during the night, since it is during this time that activities or other environmental noises that during the day mask or attenuate tinnitus are usually lacking.
Apart from the sounds that are heard in the ears or in the head, tinnitus can present other symptoms such as sleep disorders, irritability, anxiety, depression and lack of concentration.
They can cause an ear disease, neck, back and jaw problems and can also cause stress, among other risk factors.
It is important to know the cause of tinnitus to put a treatment and eliminate the cause.
As a symptomatic treatment, a tinnitus habituation therapy can be carried out with the aim of reducing its sound perception. If the tinnitus is accompanied by a hearing loss or deafness, the use of hearing aids is appropriate.
Another option is the noise generators , which produce broadband or narrow sounds that are easy to get used to or environmental or natural sounds to cover the tinnitus.. Mixed hearing aids combine hearing aid and noise generator.
Finally, some patients may need some psychological help, this type of treatment being essential to reduce or minimize the perception of tinnitus.
It is also a pathology that is increasing its degree of incidence with the economic development of a country. The population group that most goes to medical consultation with annoying or unbearable tinnitus is located mainly in the decade of 50-60 years, although in recent times the number of young people has also increased due to the competitiveness that society is imposing on them. , along with the lifestyle as the harmful effects of the exposure to intense sounds and noises to which they are subjected, as with the uncontrolled use of portable musical players and other leisure sound technologies.
Medical and scientific knowledge in general is providing more and more resources to improve the discomfort caused by tinnitus.