Nephrolithiasis is one of the most common urological diseases, with prevalence in the population and 4-20% higher incidence in males.
How is it manifested? Usually do as renal colic, with sudden onset of severe pain in the renal fossa radiating women into the vagina and men to the testicles. Sometimes the symptoms are like a urinary tract infection.
What is the treatment? The first thing is to calm the pain with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, associated with metamizol. After losing colic have to study the origin and if radiological studies urolithiasis is confirmed, your urologist will assess, depending on the size, location, symptoms and possible composition, possible expulsion or require lithotripsy ( "bathtub") or endourological treatments (uretererorenoscopia, percutaneous nephrolithotomy ...).
How to facilitate the expulsion of the calculus? To expel is necessary adequate hydration, NSAIDS to reduce edema and in those located in the distal ureter and less than 1 cm in size., Alpha-blocker drugs, which are commonly used are associated to the benign prostatic hyperplasia.
How to prevent the emergence of new calculations?
Who has had litiasis tends to recalculations. Before recommending limiting milk, but is counterproductive. water intake should be increased and reducing salt intake and animal protein and if the study shows metabolic alterations (hypercalciuria, hypocitraturia, Hyperuricosuria), specific treatment: diuretics, alkalizing, among others.
How much water should be drunk?
You should drink two liters of water a day in winter and two half liters and in summer, but a simple way to control the intake of water is the color of urine. If you have had colic and do not want to have it again, try the urine tends to be transparent.