The most common runner foot injuries are Plantar Fasciitis, Morton's Neuroma, Foot Tendinitis, and Foot Stress Fractures. They are typical injuries of runners, triathletes and marathoners .
Plantar Fasciitis is an inflammation of the plantar aponeurosis of the foot. The tendon that supports the plantar bony arch is inflamed. It is inserted into the calcaneus bone and its repetitive traction in the bone can produce a Calcaneal Spur (a calcification).
It presents as pain in the heel or in the middle area of the sole of the foot. It is due to repetitive microtrauma on the sole of the foot (basketball, volleyball, jogging ...). It is aggravated by poor congenital foot support and inadequate footwear. It usually hurts in the morning when getting up, when the tendon is cold. Improvement in walking and warming the tendon.
The initial treatment is the local cold massage (bottle with frozen water as a roller), morning stretches and anti-inflammatory. Physiotherapy or ultrasound-guided infiltrations may be necessary. Finally, surgery.
After the initial phase, a study of the gait and support of the foot is necessary. This will avoid repeated episodes of plantar fasciitis.
It is the inflammation of the interosseous nerve that passes between the toes (metatarsals). The sheath lining the nerve thickens.
The main cause is repetitive microtrauma on the sole of the foot, associated with poor congenital foot support. It usually affects the first 3 interdigital spaces of the foot. The initial treatment is local cold and anti-inflammatory. Physiotherapy, eco-guided infiltrations and surgery may be necessary.
Foot Tendinitis and Foot Stress Fractures
Both pathologies have a common origin: repetitive microtrauma on the foot (jogging, mountain walks, jumps ....). It affects mainly the metatarsal bones of the foot. It can be aggravated by bad support on the sole of the foot (congenital deformity, shoe heels, ....).
After the initial phase, a study of the gait and support of the foot is necessary. The initial treatment is local cold and anti-inflammatory. Physiotherapy (magnetic therapy), eco-guided infiltration or surgery may be necessary.