Hemorrhoid surgery consists of the removal of excess homorheal tissue. It should be noted that hemorrhoids are part of our anatomy and contribute to the closure of the sphincter complex. The problem comes when they bleed, prolapse or lose their initial anatomical location and should intervene. An intervention that is performed under spinal anesthesia and patient sedation, a procedure that does not require more than 24 hours of hospital admission for the patient. For the final elimination of hemorrhoids minimizing pain, the most effective treatment is ambulatory surgery with CO2 laser.
Risk of intervention
Hemorrhoidal surgery has no serious complications, but it is a very uncomfortable procedure. The risks are fundamentally two: acute bleeding in the postoperative period and infection of the surgical wound in the late postoperative period. To avoid the latter, the patient must combat this risk by taking oral antibiotics, which must be complemented with proper cleaning and well-defined eating patterns.
Once subjected to the surgical procedure, the patient must maintain a diet rich in fruit and fiber so that the intestinal rhythm is adequate. The hygiene of the wound should be rigorous with soap and water, and should not be applied ointments or antiseptics locally.
Consequences of not being treated
Hemorrhoids are not a malignant pathology, nor is it something 'urgent' to solve. Despite this, in cases of excessive delay in treatment, the patient is exposed to two risks, in addition to the discomfort they may suffer. One is bleeding , as happens in the intervention, which in this case can generate anemia and in extreme cases the need for a blood transfusion, and another risk or consequence is the infection of the hemorrhoidal tissue. This problem can lead to an anal fistula.