The cornea can make various alterations. Some of them affect the surface and proper hydration as dry eye;others are caused by infectious agents ( viral keratitis, bacterial, fungal,&hellip ;).
Also can suffer degenerative processes involving progressive loss of structure and therefore its function ( dystrophies, corneal ectasia and degenerations ).
Causes and Symptoms of cornea
This is part of the eyeball door serving on many occasions to external agents, so that any of them can produce an alteration in their properties, and thus in its function. The causes can be multiple from infections, injury, congenital diseases, degenerative and even secondary to surgery, use of contact lens,…
A healthy cornea is completely transparent tissue, essential for correct vision property, so any alteration affecting such transparency and create an opacity or scarring provoked decrease of the same.
Treatment of cornea
The treatment of diseases of the cornea varies as a function thereof; generally will be required topical treatments ( drops or ointments ) with Lubricants, Antibiotics, antiviral, antiinflammatory, etc… However, in cases where there has been extensive scarring or certain degenerative pathologies, the only therapeutic option may be a corneal transplant.
Some pathologies of the cornea are potentially serious, such as infections of the same, as they can lead to irreversible vision loss. Fortunately, the ability to recovery of the cornea is very large, so that with proper treatment, we have solutions for almost any problem.
More on diseases of the cornea:https://www.topdoctors.es/diccionario-medico/enfermedades-de-la-cornea