Laparoscopy is a surgical method characterized by performing a collision through small incisions. It involves placing various access ports through which surgical instruments are inserted. One access is used to introduce a camera with light source used to visualize the intervention. The other entrances, normally three or four, are input to other surgical instruments such as forceps, scissors, clips, etc.
Today, all conventional interventions can also be performed by minimally invasive approach. Specialists in Urology used less and less conventional open surgery, so that surgical results and postoperative recovery significantly improve.
Laparoscopically, you can perform highly complex procedures such as radical or partial prostatectomy, radical cystectomy, radical nephrectomy in the treatment of cancer. Other diseases in which also used are: kidney donor nephrectomy, pyeloplasty or ureteral reimplantation.
Advantages of laparoscopy versus conventional surgery
The main advantage is that this method avoids a great hurt and pain that entails. Another advantage is that it causes less bleeding. Furthermore, as has a better view, the precision of surgical treatment is greater.
Recent advances in laparoscopic surgery
The great complexity of laparoscopic surgery has made to develop technological elements to facilitate their dissemination and application among surgeons. One of the first steps was the development of systems of coagulation and tissue sealing for better and easier control of surgical bleeding.
Another was the development of robotic platforms support (Da Vinci) that improve the skill of the surgeon in laparoscopic gestures and also give a three - dimensional vision, albeit at a price still very high.
More recently they have incorporated systems simpler and more economical three - dimensional view that cater to laparoscopy and help the best guidance in the surgical field. Possibly the future will be defined between three-dimensional vision, for most cases, and robotics, where more complex to evolve more ergonomic and less cumbersome robotic systems.