Botulinum toxin is a neurotoxin synthesized, obtained from bacteria and purified for use in human. a drug whose use was adopted in various branches of medicine, such as neurology, ophthalmology, is considered so. In Spanish dermatology and aesthetic medicine has been used for over 20 years.
How, when and where the botulinum toxin acts?
The pharmacological effect of the botulinum toxin takes place at the connection between the peripheral nerve and muscle. At this level, acetylcholine release occurs, a need to produce neurotransmitter muscle contraction. The toxin acts there producing temporary muscle relaxation without causing any physical or nerve injury and muscle structures.
There are several ways that are named toxin A to G. More serotypes are used for medical use of botulinum toxin type A and botulinum toxin type B. In Spain only the type marketed, being more potent and longer acting than botulinum toxin type B.
Its main indications are those where there is a muscle-nerve ctivity exaggerated, as "tics" nerve, strabismus, spasticity, wrinkles and excessive sweating. The toxin is applied through minimal injections in different parts of the muscle, so that, in the more nervous stimulus stops contracting.
The best results are obtained in the treatment of wrinkles and eyebrows, forehead, the famous "crow's feet". It is also very effective for the treatment of excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis), where the toxin blocks the nerve stimulus to the sweat glands, preventing production and release of sweat.
Botulinum toxin is possibly one of the most effective beauty treatments: between 85% and 90% of patients attending consultations Dermatology show very satisfactory results. However, these results are reversible and its duration is estimated at between 4 and 6 months, at which time it is advisable to repeat the operation to enhance the good results. The reason is that the toxin acts in the long term "educating" the muscles to contract less strongly and wrinkles are smoothed.
Upon arrival at our center we proceed to remove makeup and cleanse the skin properly. We must avoid as far as possible taking drugs that may affect the clotting as acetylsalicylic acid or NSAIDs. Nor is it advisable to dispense with the snuff or alcohol intake previous days.
Care post-infiltration of botulinum toxin
The return can be immediate because it is a simple and safe procedure. In fact, the injection to treat wrinkles is one of the so-called "lunch time treatment", the name given to fast, efficient and with little side effects techniques.
Immediately after injection are advised not to make any strenuous exercise and avoid the sauna, steam room, at least for a day. In addition, it should maintain an upright or semi-upright position around 3-4 hours after treatment, and exercise of muscular contraction of the treated area. With them, the toxin is fixed well to the muscle to be treated and will not affect others.
Results of botulinum toxin
The results are gradual: start to make themselves visible to the two or three days after surgery, and reach its peak a week. The muscles are gradually losing steam, facial gestures and wrinkles are smoothed "expression" are disappearing.