Morbid obesity is a disease that occurs when the body mass index (BMI) of a person is greater than 40. In general surgery, we talk about morbid obesity when the weight reached is such that diminishes the quality of life of patients, to pose a risk to their survival.
This disease is associated with other diseases as hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, hyperuricemia, heart failure, respiratory failure, Picwick syndrome, sleep-apnea syndrome, venous insufficiency, varicose veins, joint disease, osteoarthritis, depression, impaired self-esteem , social and sexual relationships, including some cancers such as breast, colon, etc.
Morbid obesity causes
The main cause of morbid obesity is a sedentary lifestyle, resulted in an intake energy expenditure than we do, coupled with a tendency of some people getting fat calories.
Consequences of morbid obesity
The consequences of this disease are, apart from the physical and aesthetic limitations involved, other serious diseases associated already mentioned, which limit the quality of life and survival.
Bariatric surgery, also known as bariatric surgery or metabolic, is the best treatment for morbid obesity. It is indicated for patients whose BMI is above 40 kg / m2 or a BMI greater than 35 but with associated pathologies. For some time, this surgery is also performed in people with type 2 diabetes and obesity; in this case they can be operated from 15kg overweight.
This technique involves the loss of weight, which causes changes in metabolism within the organism. The patient will meet or improve your diabetes, you normalize cholesterol or triglycerides, improve blood pressure will disappear sleep apnea syndrome and other respiratory problems, among others.
This treatment is a significant improvement in quality of life of patients, understood as the increase and greater satisfaction in physical, occupational, psychological, social and sexual activity, where personal and aesthetic self is fully involved.