According to specialists in Thoracic Surgery as Dr. Corcoles, in order to reduce the probability of suffering from lung cancer, it is essential to avoid smoking, since it is the main cause of this pathology. In addition, lung cancer is the first in terms of mortality worldwide.
Addiction to tobacco
The addiction of tobacco is so high that it becomes essential for the daily lives of those affected.
In Spain some measures have been adopted, such as the prohibition of smoking in public spaces, which has given satisfactory results since the number of smokers has been clearly reduced. In addition, the rising price of tobacco has also helped to reduce its consumption.
At the moment, the decrease in addicts is an important advance, although it is a fact that will not be reflected in the incidence of lung cancer within a time, since there is a latency period between the damage that produces tobacco and The development of cancer precursor changes.
Early diagnosis in lung cancer
Currently, screening or early diagnosis programs are underway to detect the disease at an early stage, with the intention of treating it early and increasing patient survival. They can be very effective, especially in people between 55 and 75 years smokers or former smokers.
The problem is that these programs are not developed for several reasons:
1. They are very expensive
2. It is necessary to determine in great detail to which part of the population must be offered
3. There must be sufficient scientific evidence of its effectiveness. That is why in Spain has not yet started.
New surgeries and treatments for lung cancer
The most appropriate treatment for lung cancer is surgery. Currently the vast majority of these cancers can be operated by video-assisted surgery (VATS), which is a minimally invasive intervention using a high definition camcorder. Also oncology is effective, branch in which it has advanced, especially in radiotherapy. The future in the prevention and cure of lung cancer is aimed at the better characterization of the tumors in order to individualize the treatments.