The peri is a destructive inflammatory process affecting the tissues, whether soft or hard, surrounding the implants. This produces a loss of bone periimplantatorio, together with an inflammatory lesion with peri supuracion.La can mean the loss of the implant, which is not to be confused with mucositis.
The mucositis is the appearance of inflammatory changes of the mucosa around the implant. Unlike periimplantitis not cause bone loss and is a process that can be reversed with proper treatment.
¿Why perimplantitis occurs?
one. Patients with periodontal disease (or pyorrhea ) are more predisposed to suffer.
February. The second most important factor is the occlusal load, both axial and lateral forces.
Other risk factors are:
three. Smoking habits.
April. The bone quality.
five. Systemic factors.
June. The oral hygiene.
seven. The risks that are caused by surgical trauma.
August. A bacterial contamination during insertion of the implants.
September. Poor distribution of the forces that generate overload.
10. Theimplant surface types.
11. A stability inadequate primary stability.
¿It has the peri symptoms?
one. The presence of plaque and calculus around the implant.
February. Edema and redness of the marginal tissues.
three. The increased probing depths and light bleeding or suppuration after this procedure.
April. Vertical bone destruction in connection with the peri-implant pocket.
five. The radiological presence of bone resorption.
June. The persistence of pain and discomfort to the patient.
seven. The mobility of the implant at the final stage of the disease.
The maintenance implants to the dental clinic should be performed at least every 6 months, which will be very important to detect a possible peri in the initial phase. If undiagnosed disease develops, it becomes increasingly difficult to treat and may end up having to remove the implant.
The maintenance also prevents the growth of aggressive bacteria that can make our implant bone loss, which is an effective preventive measure.