Osteoporosis is a bone disease that primarily affects women. It is a disease in which the bone loses density and increases its internal porosity. This results in a more brittle and less shock resistance bone, leading to an increased risk of bone fractures.
According to specialists in rheumatology , it is a very common disease in Spain, since it is the most important determinant of fracture in people over 50 years. The risk of these people to present an osteoporotic fracture is 40% for women and 13% for men. Osteoporosis mainly affects women due to estrogen hormone deficiency, generating a loss of bone mass at menopause.
Risk factors for osteoporosis
The main factors that influence the risk of developing osteoporosis are genetics, advanced age, being female, previous fractures, a sedentary lifestyle, snuff, alcohol intake deficits and consumption of certain drugs.
The main consequence of osteoporosis, which is both its main symptom is bone fracture. These types of fractures can occur at low impact shock such as a fall on the floor, or appear spontaneously. The most common vertebral bone fractures are the hip and wrist.
Treatment for osteoporosis aims to reduce the number of bone fractures. There are many different types of treatments such as oral, subcutaneous and intravenous. It is important to conduct a thorough patient history to indicate the most appropriate treatment for their needs.