The shoulder dislocation is the total loss of contact between the articular surface of the humeral head and the articular surface of the glenoid. In other words, when the humerus leaves its usual location and moves normally forward, a shoulder dislocation occurs.
Main causes of shoulder dislocation
Shoulder dislocation is a typical pathology of young people and initially occurs due to trauma in the course of a sporting activity, although there are also cases of patients suffering from dislocations in usual daily movements.
Symptoms of a Shoulder Dislocation
At the time of dislocation a lot of pain occurs and it is impossible to move the arm. This is why, in patients with episodes of dislocation, it is not advisable to practice risk sports, as they may have unfortunate consequences. In patients who have already had several episodes of dislocation, the movement itself is usually limited to prevent relapse, which is very disabling for a young individual.
Treatment of a shoulder dislocation
In acute dislocation, the correct treatment is, after obtaining the specialist in Traumatology a correct study of image, the reduction of dislocation , usually by simple traction. When a recurrent dislocation occurs, then the treatment of choice is surgical , to avoid further luxation.
The lesions can usually be corrected by non-invasive techniques such as arthroscopy , but in more advanced phases open surgery techniques are required by bony stops.
Consequences of poorly healed shoulder dislocation
Failure to treat this condition early can lead to earlier joint (osteoarthritis) deterioration than in the general population due to repetitive trauma occurring in each episode. In addition, the persistence of dislocations over time normally affects the patient's quality of life, being limited for most of his activities.