Symptoms of otitis are severe pain, poor overall condition, sometimes fever and pus output abroad. In otitis externa also sometimes it accompanied by infection of the skin of the pinna (ear).
There are two basic types of otitis:
- Otitis media is an infection of the middle ear that may be associated with perforation of the tympanic membrane with pus output abroad. His most frequent cause colds are upper respiratory tract such as rhinitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, acute or chronic sinusitis, etc.
- Otitis externa: is an infection of the skin of the ear canal. Its most common cause is infection by water entering the ear in summer. Moreover, it is relatively frequent otitis externa cleaning of ear wax with cotton swab. It may be complicated by a yeast infection if overused antibiotics topically (for the ear canal).
Anyone can develop otitis media, but there are predisposing factors that favor them , such as colds upper respiratory tract, nasal obstruction with poor ventilation through the nose or chronic sinusitis. On the other hand, some sports (such as diving) favor otitis externa.
Treatment of otitis
To treat ear infections is critical to be diagnosed by a specialist Otorrinolarignología , since it is necessary to distinguish between otitis media and external, and infection by bacteria or fungi.
Treatment, therefore, it can be antibiotic or fungicide, always guided by a physician (preferably an otolaryngologist). It is associated with these treatments and anti-inflammatory painkillers.
Complications of otitis
Complications of otitis media are a result of the spread of infection to neighboring organs (eg, the inner ear) and irreversible hearing loss, severe vertigo and even, exceptionally, facial paralysis and meningitis.
Today, given the effectiveness of treatments, these complications are rare.
Meanwhile, external otitis rarely has serious complications.