The importance of diagnosing otitis

The importance of diagnosing otitis

Written by: Dr. Francisco Antolí-Candela Cano
Published: | Updated: 13/08/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Symptoms of otitis are severe pain, poor overall condition, sometimes fever and pus output abroad. In otitis externa also sometimes it accompanied by infection of the skin of the pinna (ear).

ear There are two basic types of otitis:

  • Otitis media is an infection of the middle ear that may be associated with perforation of the tympanic membrane with pus output abroad. His most frequent cause colds are upper respiratory tract such as rhinitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, acute or chronic sinusitis, etc.
  • Otitis externa: is an infection of the skin of the ear canal. Its most common cause is infection by water entering the ear in summer. Moreover, it is relatively frequent otitis externa cleaning of ear wax with cotton swab. It may be complicated by a yeast infection if overused antibiotics topically (for the ear canal).

Anyone can develop otitis media, but there are predisposing factors that favor them , such as colds upper respiratory tract, nasal obstruction with poor ventilation through the nose or chronic sinusitis. On the other hand, some sports (such as diving) favor otitis externa.

 

Treatment of otitis

To treat ear infections is critical to be diagnosed by a specialist Otorrinolarignología , since it is necessary to distinguish between otitis media and external, and infection by bacteria or fungi.

Treatment, therefore, it can be antibiotic or fungicide, always guided by a physician (preferably an otolaryngologist). It is associated with these treatments and anti-inflammatory painkillers.

 

Complications of otitis

Complications of otitis media are a result of the spread of infection to neighboring organs (eg, the inner ear) and irreversible hearing loss, severe vertigo and even, exceptionally, facial paralysis and meningitis.

Today, given the effectiveness of treatments, these complications are rare.

Meanwhile, external otitis rarely has serious complications.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Francisco Antolí-Candela Cano
Otolaringology

Otologist at the Institute of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery of Madrid, Dr. Antolí-Candela is considered a reference in the field of otology, a master of ear surgery, he shares his knowledge organizing live surgery courses by ear medium. His eagerness for teaching also includes being a collaborating Professor of the Clinical Medical Sciences Department of the San Pablo CEU University. He is the author of numerous publications of national and international repercussion, as well as a lecturer in many congresses in the country and abroad.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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