Periodontitis or periodontal disease refers to the set of conditions that damage the periodontium (tissue that surrounds and holds the teeth in the jaws). It is characterized by an infectious and inflammatory origin and have a significant genetic predisposition, but we must also keep in mind that the snuff and stress are clear risk factors.
The main difference between gingivitis and periodontitis is that, while Gingivitis is an early stage in which the gingiva is inflamed but not tissues around the teeth, periodontitis also affects deep tissues, causing destruction bone and ligament supporting the teeth.
If periodontal disease is not treated, it can evolve and destroy the support of the tooth, and may even cause the loss of it. Thus, the more advanced it is periodontitis, the worse the prognosis for recovery tooth. Moreover, the fact smoking worsens the situation as it reduces bleeding gums, which masks the disease and difficult to detect.
Symptoms of periodontitis
Unfortunately, periodontitis usually not very remarkable symptoms, so usually detected at a late stage, unless the patient regularly go to the dentist to get reviews.
The main symptom of gingivitis is inflammation and bleeding gums, so it is important to go to consultation before any suspicion to treat it in time and prevent periodontal disease s become. When periodontitis is more advanced, the main symptoms that may occur:
- Receding gums (teeth appear longer)
- Mobility and spacing of the teeth
- Tooth sensitivity, especially to cold
- Bad breath
- Burning and sore gums
- Abscesses and boils on the gums