Types of hearing loss in adults and how to treat

Hearing loss in adults

Written by: Dr. Jordi Coromina Isern
Published: | Updated: 20/08/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

parts of the ear hearing loss Hearing loss is a wide pathology refers to hearing loss. Its origin can be different. Its origin can be different, and according to it, proceed to one treatment or another to prevent progression and maintaining quality patient hearing. Many cases of hearing loss occur in children, and some are already present at birth, but many are diagnosed by otolaryngologist in adults, because of a problem with the internal, external or middle ear.

Hearing loss in adults can be classified into two groups according to the location of the problem: hearing loss and hearing loss transmission or conduction of perception.

 

Transmission or conduction hearing loss

Hearing loss includes transmission cases due to an alteration of the outer ear, which is the entrance or ear canal or middle ear, which houses the eardrum and ossicles. The main causes of this type of hearing loss are:

  • Otosclerosis: progressive immobility of the stapes
  • Cholesteatoma benign tumor of the middle ear
  • Tympanic perforation: for various reasons such as beatings, exposure to very high frequencies of sound, tumors, ear infections, etc. may occur
  • Chronic otitis media: in these cases of infection hearing loss may be resolved or improved by surgery (tympanoplasty)

What is a tympanoplasty?

Tympanoplasty is the optimal surgery to correct abnormalities of the eardrum and ossicles in the middle ear located. To an affected eardrum, it must be replaced by a graft obtained from the patient's own skin. Through this operation, the partial or total perforacón the eardrum closes without scarring.

If the problem lies in the middle ear bones, such as the hammer, anvil and stirrup, they are replaced by a prosthesis.

In any case, if the hearing loss is very important to improve patient hearing can use osseointegrated implants.

What are osseointegrated implants?

Osseointegrated implants are small devices that are implanted behind the patient's ear to enhance your listening quality to dramatically increase the absorption and transmission of sound through the bone.

They are placed mainly in:

  • Patients with chronic ear drainage, since this will prevent the use of hearing aid
  • Patients with narrowing of the ear canal entrance and because the hearing aid will not have enough space for placement

 

Perception hearing loss

Treatment of hearing loss without headphones

Hearing loss in perception the problem lies in the inner ear. The patient affected by this type of hearing loss feel that senses sound but does not understand it correctly.

Initially, treatment for this type of deafness goes through a hearing aid. But if they fail, it will be used for middle ear implants or cochlear implants.

What is a middle ear implant?

These implants consist of a small prosthesis that is surgically placed. In cases of presbycusis, which would be the aged ear, equivalent to presbyopia, the prosthesis is implanted in the ossicles. This increases mobility and sound transmission from the exterior to the auditory nerve of the patient.

What is a cochlear implant?

The cochlear implant is currently the only effective treatment that exists today for severe deafness. Hearing loss is considered severe when the patient can no longer understand the words but are using a hearing aid.

Thus, the cochlear implant is an electronic device that is placed in the inner ear through surgery, and transform sound into electrical signal, which stimulate the auditory nerve.

The operation for implantation is performed under general anesthesia lasting about 90 minutes, requiring only an overnight hospital stay.

After surgery, patients with cochlear implants will need speech therapy monitoring, to interpret auditory information that reaches them by the implant, and thus understand and use language correctly.

These implants can be placed in patients aged 6 months and 80 years old. In the elderly, the main condition is to present a correct state of health. In children this treatment is very effective, as it allows normal language development to be started early. The ideal time to start a child with cochlear implant age is 3 years old.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Jordi Coromina Isern
Otolaringology

Dr. Coromina is a leading expert in diseases of ear, nose and throat. Author of the bestseller ". The child The child snoring with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome" in which this disease and described its progress through treatment Some of the outstanding features offered are: laser therapy and radiofrequency the snorer child and / or "sleep-apnea" child (tonsillar reduction laser) syndrome, the simple snorer and the snorer with sleep apnea syndrome ("sleep-apnea" adult), hypertrophy of the nasal turbinates (obstruction nasal), among many others. He leads a team of 20 professionals, including 14 otolaryngologists.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

View Profile

Overall assessment of their patients


TOPDOCTORS utiliza cookies propias y de terceros para facilitar su experiencia como usuario de nuestra web y captar datos estadísticos mediante el análisis de sus datos de navegación. Si usted continúa con la navegación, entendemos que nos ofrece su consentimiento para el uso de cookies. Puede cambiar la configuración de cookies u obtener más información here.