Arterial Hypertension ( HTA ) affects 35% of adults in Spain, and reaches up to 68% when it comes to adults over 65. If these figures are worrisome, the following ones are even more so if. And it is that the control rates of blood pressure in Spain are only 40% of patients treated in primary care, while in the general population the figure is reduced to only 25%. Some very worrying data.
Early detection is essential to reduce the complications of the disease in the population. The hypertensive person does not respond to a clear and defined profile, although people with a family history are the most likely to suffer from this pathology. Those with overweight or those who lead a sedentary life, in addition to patients with an unhealthy life and who abuse salt , added to those who are subject to constant stress, whether work or personal, are also susceptible to being hypertensive.
When the disease progresses may appear cardiovascular symptoms, chest pain, fatigue, edema or loss of intellectual faculties. These are symptoms that the disease is in an advanced state, and therefore should be treated, although in some cases it manifests catastrophically: a heart attack , a stroke , etc.. Fortunately, these cases have been reduced today thanks to advances in Preventive Medicine .
The most appropriate measure is prevention. To be in the ideal weight, to lead an active life with the regular practice of physical activity, the reduction of the intake of salt, coffee or other foods with caffeine , besides avoiding the smoking habit, is the best treatment to prevent arterial hypertension. When these measures fail, pharmacological treatment should be initiated.
Some proteins present in the wall of the arteries determine the diameter of these. This is one of the discoveries found in recent times. There is also progress in the discovery of enzymes , substances that normalize blood pressure. Another of the advances is renal denervation , which consists in inhibiting sympathetic activity at the renal level, which plays an important role in the appearance and maintenance of arterial hypertension.