Fibromyalgia is a disorder that causes muscle aches and fatigue, suffering people affected by this disease pain and tenderness throughout the body. However, there are different aspects that contribute to improving patients with fibromyalgia.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy in fibromyalgia
Currently, cognitive behavioral therapy is the preferred psychological approach and focuses on thoughts, feelings and behaviors patient. The most important components of cognitive behavioral therapy are:
- Strengthening education and information Disease
- Focus on functional improvements rather than fibromyalgia as a disease
- Set realistic goals and activities, increasing
- Be aware of the role of stress in the onset of symptoms
- Improve communication with others
- Information on the use of drugs
- Sleep management
- Approach to cognitive impairment
- Counteract negative thoughts
- Relapses and maintenance
For more information, consult with specialists in the Pain .
Physical exercise in patients with fibromyalgia
It is recommended physical activity on physical inactivity. There is evidence that exercise improves physical and psychological aspects in fibromyalgia patients. However, it is also clear that many fibromyalgia patients are reluctant to practice exercise because they tire easily and effort is associated with increased pain. It is therefore important to understand the patient that physical activity is any movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure and exercise program does not necessarily go to the pool or gym regularly.
Thus, some recommendations are offered to improve activity in patients with fibromyalgia:
- Walk more
- Spend more time standing and less sitting
- Get out more, and if necessary walk with a cane
- Tai chi or yoga, good choices
- Aquatherapy helps reduce pain
- Physiotherapist with individualized exercise program
- Support groups