Fibromyalgia through movement: cognitive-behavioral therapy and exercise

Written by: Dr. José María Hernández García
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Fibromyalgia is a disorder that causes muscle aches and fatigue, suffering people affected by this disease pain and tenderness throughout the body. However, there are different aspects that contribute to improving patients with fibromyalgia.


Cognitive-behavioral therapy in fibromyalgia

Currently, cognitive behavioral therapy is the preferred psychological approach and focuses on thoughts, feelings and behaviors patient. The most important components of cognitive behavioral therapy are:


  • Strengthening education and information Disease 
  • Focus on functional improvements rather than fibromyalgia as a disease 
  • Set realistic goals and activities, increasing 
  • Be aware of the role of stress in the onset of symptoms 
  • Improve communication with others 
  • Information on the use of drugs 
  • Sleep management 
  • Approach to cognitive impairment 
  • Counteract negative thoughts 
  • Relapses and maintenance 
  • Relaxation 

For more information, consult with specialists in the Pain . 

Physical exercise in patients with fibromyalgia

It is recommended physical activity on physical inactivity. There is evidence that exercise improves physical and psychological aspects in fibromyalgia patients. However, it is also clear that many fibromyalgia patients are reluctant to practice exercise because they tire easily and effort is associated with increased pain. It is therefore important to understand the patient that physical activity is any movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure and exercise program does not necessarily go to the pool or gym regularly.

Thus, some recommendations are offered to improve activity in patients with fibromyalgia: 

  • Walk more  
  • Spend more time standing and less sitting 
  • Get out more, and if necessary walk with a cane 
  • Tai chi or yoga, good choices 
  • Aquatherapy helps reduce pain 
  • Physiotherapist with individualized exercise program 
  • Support groups
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. José María Hernández García
Pain Medicine

Dr. Hernández García is a leading specialist in pain unit. He is an expert in the treatment of radiofrequency in spinal cord stimulation, and transcranial stimulation epidurolysis. He has trained in University Hospitals of Harvard, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Beth Israel Medical Center in Boston. There have been various publications and communications.


*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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