Caries: what is it and how can we avoid it?

Written by: Dr. José Pardiñas Arias
Edited by: Top Doctors®

caries What is tooth decay?

Tooth decay is an infectious disease caused by a bacteria located in the oral cavity. These bacteria produce a metabolism acids capable of removing the enamel. Once access to the enamel progress is unstoppable because the dentin beneath the enamel is much more soft and weak and thus its rapid destruction. If left untreated during these stages you can get to invade the pulp (nerve) causing the typical toothache. If this occurs it is necessary to perform the root canal of the part or extraction, if the destruction of this piece is very important.


How to avoid caries?

Tooth enamel is the hardest structure in the human body, even more than the cortical bone. Nevertheless, the quality of this polish is not the same in all people, the genetics of each patient determines the resistance to attack by decay, making it a key factor.

Other factors in Dentistry consider relevant and which influence the appearance of decay is the presence or absence of plaque, food and the degree of fluoride ingested. Or dental plaque is the substance of yellowish-white tone that accumulates on the teeth when they are not brushed properly. Furthermore it consists of bacteria, cell debris from the mouth and food waste. When it stays a long time on the teeth, the enamel will be drilled most notably in cases where it is weakest.


Foods that promote tooth decay

The sweet, sticky foods such as chocolate, biscuits, pastries, sweets, etc., are appropriate to increase these bacteria because carbohydrates are the foundation of your diet. Among the cariogenic foods also must mention bananas and grapes and drinks in all those that are carbonated and soft drinks in general and largely queues. The latter type of soft drinks a little tough enamel causes them a lot of decay and erosion. Fluoride is an essential component in the mineralization of the enamel, which is why it is essential to know if the water is adequate drinking fluoride and, if not, you must provide correct supplements especially along the training period teeth.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. José Pardiñas Arias

Prestigious specialist in dentistry, Dr. Pardiñas Arias is an expert in osseointegrated dental implants , in oral surgery and periodontics . Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery since 1983 and Specialist in Stomatology from the University of Santiago de Compostela. He also obtained a Master's degree in dental prosthesis from the European School of Oral Rehabilitation Implantology and Biomaterials.

He is currently the Medical Co-Director of the Pardiñas Clinic , located in the heart of A Coruña. Throughout his career, Dr. Pardiñas Arias has made numerous stays of continuing education in clinics specialized in periodontics and implantology of international renown. Member of the most prestigious scientific societies.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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