Cavities: Causes, Prevention and Treatments

Written by: Elena Roca Ramírez
Published: | Updated: 18/11/2018
Edited by: Anna Raventós Rodríguez

Caries is a multifactorial disease that is characterized by the destruction of the dental tissues (enamel and dentin) breaking the integrity of the tooth, as a consequence of the demineralization caused by the acids of plaque.


What causes cavities?

  • The intake of sugars and acids contained in beverages and food.
  • Errors in hygiene techniques (lack of dental brushing, poor brushing technique, no flossing).
  • Genetic etiology, mineralization defects increase the risk of caries development.
  • Influence of pH of saliva, acidic pH increases the likelihood of developing caries.
  • Dry mouth.


Sugar can cause cavities


How can cavities be prevented?

  • Performing daily dental hygiene.
  • Maintaining a balanced diet, limiting the intake of sugars.
  • Using fluoride supplements in pasta and mouthwash.
  • Placing fissure sealants can prevent the establishment and development of a carious lesion.


How is cavities treated?

  • If the tooth is not treated, it can subsequently lead to inflammation of the area surrounding the apex (end of the root) producing apical periodontitis and may lead to dental abscess.
  • If the caries is not treated it will break the integrity of the affected tooth, producing a perforation of the same that reaches the pulp; Then it becomes inflamed and pulpitis occurs.
  • The treatment of caries is fundamental to avoid major problems, since it can completely lose the tooth and complicate with other pathologies: periodontitis, abscess, cellulitis and involvement of the supporting bone.


For more information consult your dentist .

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Elena Roca Ramírez

Dr. Roca Ramirez Dentistry specialist and expert in Rehabilitation and Implantology. It has also been formed in Clinical Periodontology. Currently holds the Areses Clinic.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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