¿That is acute ischemia
In general terms, acute ischemia syndrome resulting from the sudden suspension of blood supply, oxygen and nutrients to a particular organ or anatomical segment.
¿A that usually affects areas
Examples classic myocardial infarction, stroke or cerebral ischemia of the lower limbs. But we should remember that any sector, organ or system of human body need oxygen-rich blood to survive and develop their duties may be subject to acute ischemia.
¿What can be the causes
The cause of acute ischemia is the obstruction of the/s artery/s that nourish a particular anatomical segment. The main pathological causes of acute ischemia are arterial embolism and arterial thrombosis. An embolism is a clot that travels through the bloodstream, usually from a sick heart, and hits an artery causing their obstruction and consequent ischemia. Arterial thrombosis is caused in the artery that supplies blood to own certain organ. Thrombosis is the formation of a clot in a diseased artery point.
¿That presents symptoms
The most common symptom is the crushing pain in the private area of circulation. For example, pain in the center of the chest in her case of myocardial infarction or leg if this affected. However, there is no pain but a decrease in the mobility of the limbs on one side or another body or slurred speech, depending on the area of the brain in the case of cerebral stroke affected. In the case of acute leg ischaemia, it is accompanied by coldness, pallor, tingling and loss of strength.
¿In what way is acute ischemia
It requires specialized treatment in a hospital. Initially antiplatelet and anticogulantes are given to stop the progression of the clot formed and later attempt repermeabilizar the organ affected by catheter interventions or surgery to unblock or rebuild/s artery/s affects/s.