Basic information and how to deal with atopic dermatitis in infancy

Written by: Dr. Ángel López Ávila
Edited by: Patricia Pujante Crespo

Atopic eczema is common in infants. However, there are simple measures that soothe the baby and allow better cope affectation.

Atopic eczema or atopic dermatitis is a skin disease that tends to appear between three months and two years old. It appears as dry, red patches, mainly on the face, cheeks and forehead. These plates may ooze or peel, and cause intense itching. As age increases, it tends to predominantly affect the neck and flexures of arms and legs.


Why my baby suffers from atopic eczema or atopic dermatitis

There is a genetic predisposition to atopic dermatitis. It is known that there is an alteration of the skin barrier, with genetic deficiency of proteins that epidemic barrier. In six out of 10 children who suffer one parent is atopic; that is, likely to be allergic. Thus, this form of eczema appears in children prone to allergy and manifest different forms of asthma, rhinitis, eczema. These genetic factors, various environmental or external factors add


How evolves atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic disease that develops with outbreaks. There are periods of crisis and periods of remission during which the lesions regress. This referral may be several weeks or even months. Typically, after years of development, halt the disease spontaneously, which normally occurs before puberty in 70-80% of cases.


Crisis triggers in atopic dermatitis

There are some factors that can trigger an outbreak of atopic dermatitis, which can be: heat, sweat, stress, dry skin, some associated allergy, etc.


What will be the treatment of atopic dermatitis

The basic treatment is to hydrate well and frequently baby's skin. So, apply a suitable moisturizer for your skin at least once a day following the advice of the Dermatology. Suitable bath gels will also be used for your skin.

Moreover, we recommend using bath oils and not give the baby baths or hot (above 33 degrees) or long (over 5 minutes).

Are also prescribed in the phase of buds, some therapeutic ointments containing corticosteroids or calcineurin inhibitors topical to treat the plates, but should always be followed strictly the instructions of the specialist. Sometimes you have to treat with antibiotics added superinfection.

For severe forms of the disease, various oral treatments are reserved.

Precautions and Recommendations

There are a number of recommendations that can help not worsen atopic dermatitis:- Avoid softening in phase outbreak of dermatitis.- Do not dry laundry outdoors on pollen season.- Regarding the fabrics, wool and synthetic materials are discouraged. Wool can irritate the skin and make it difficult synthetic fabrics transpire skin, so they can encourage the maceration.- For food, try to not introduce foods that can cause allergies (egg, lactose, peanuts, gluten or fish). This recommendation applies especially in young children.- A special body hygiene is recommended, avoiding common soaps and use those enriched with lipids or acids.- After the bath should not rub the child's skin, but gently rinse and then apply a moisturizer, and thus preserve the natural moisture of the skin.- As eczema can also affect the feet, it is recommended to avoid high type boots and shoes used under shoe.- With regard to hair, there are some hairstyles that can irritate the skin, especially in the area of ​​the neck or behind the ears. It is preferable to wear short hair or collected.- It is recommended not to overheat the room of children with atopic dermatitis. Also, if the air is dry, use a humidifier.- Do not kiss babies atopic if the caregiver has a cold sore, since atopic children are weaker to certain herpes.


Can my child receive immunizations, despite suffering from atopic dermatitis?

Vaccination should be carried out normally, although some vaccines may cause a slight outbreak.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
Dr. Ángel López Ávila

By Dr. Ángel López Ávila

Dr. López Ávila is a reputed expert in Dermatology. He has more than 25 years of experience in the profession, specializing in the treatment and treatment of skin cancer, pediatric dermatology, lupus, atopic dermatitis and psoriasis, among other skin diseases. He currently practices in Dermatological Clinic and in the Murciano Health Service. On the other hand, he is the author of numerous scientific papers of the specialty.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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