We understand by colon cancer or colorectal cancer the malignant degeneration of some of the layers of the wall of the intestine. Usually occurs on a degenerate polyp, which has been growing and evolved to become malignant. Hence, it is important to detect these polyps in early , early stages and with small sizes, in order to be able to remove them endoscopically through colonoscopy.
How to diagnose colon cancer
Colonoscopy is a key test in the diagnosis and prevention of colon polyps and colorectal cancer, providing a detailed exploration of the entire course of the colon. This allows identifying the lesions that may exist, allowing the biopsies to be taken and performing the necessary complementary therapeutic procedures, thus diagnosing any inflammatory or tumor type diseases of the colon.
It is a technique that is performed under sedation, so the patient does not feel pain during the procedure.
Patients at risk for colon cancer
Although the ultimate cause is not clearly established, there are a number of dietary factors (diets high in animal fats and low in fiber), toxic (tobacco, alcohol ...) or lack of physical exercise that seem to be directly related to an increase in the possibility of have colon and rectal cancer.
Risk factors include age over 50, personal or family history of colon cancer, intestinal inflammation, and other specific hereditary factors and syndromes.
Symptoms of risk: when to go to the specialist
If the patient has discomfort in the abdomen, altered bowel rhythm or anal bleeding, it is important to contact a specialist in Digestive System , to analyze more in depth in each case.