Importance of vaccines in children

Written by: Dr. Fernando García-Sala Viguer
Published: | Updated: 19/02/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

The placing or vaccines to children should not be a subject of constant debate. They are essential to prevent and eradicate many diseases. Hence, it is necessary to remove myths and misconceptions.

Immunization schedule: when to vaccines in children

The vaccine schedule we have in our country is the best in the world, covering most vaccine-preventable diseases. Vaccination begins in the same maternity with the administration of the vaccine against hepatitis B, which will be repeated at two and six months. At two months of age the vaccination against polio, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and haemophilus B vaccines administered to the back four, six and 18 months with a memory for diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough at 5 years begins and tetanus and diphtheria at age 14. The front of the meningococcal C vaccine is given at four and 12 months and 12 years and pneumococcal starts two months for repeated at four and 15 months of age. Per year of life it is also administered the vaccine against rubella, measles, mumps and chicken pox recently incorporated and will be repeated at three years of life. Finally, at age 12 against human papilloma virus girls are vaccinated.We can say that the vaccine schedule is under constant review, so in the near future could change intervals vaccination and inclusion of new vaccines, such as rotavirus and meningcoco B, for which we have vaccine in pharmacies but they are not financed by the public herald.  

 

Consequences of not to vaccines

Luckily for those not vaccinated, to be such a high rate of vaccination in our country, it is difficult for a child is not immunized for vaccine-preventable disease is infected but if an outbreak occurs for any reason as happened last year in Olot For diphtheria, which caused the death of a child is not vaccinated, the risk of this group is very high. Unvaccinated children are taking advantage of their peers who are themselves. The best example is to imagine a pool that is filled with children who can not swim but carry life (ie, they are vaccinated). If a child is not vaccinated, no life gets, you can be taking the other children and not drown but if at any given time that collective protection fails, the child drown.

 

Risk no to vaccines

As experts say in Pediatrics , vaccination is a right of all children. Vaccines are safe and the protection afforded is very high, but unfortunately, vaccination may be failures for various reasons, which are rare but there. On the other hand, a group of children with an allergy to any component of the vaccine and can not be vaccinated. These children who want to be protected if patients can be affected by unvaccinated by parental decision to become infected and can transmit the disease to fatal consequences in many cases.

 

Why some parents and associations promoting non-vaccination

Anti vaccines movements are driven mainly by naturists groups that do not accept any medication or prophylaxis because, in their beliefs, they think they are going to hurt. Vaccines are safe and, after the purification of water, have been the preventive measure has prevented more deaths in the world. Furthermore, use of the Internet, which is increasingly widespread, makes many people without information or criterion is wary of everything that goes on networks think it's accurate information and decides not to vaccinate.

 

What's true of beliefs are saying that vaccines cause diseases like autism or diabetes?

It is totally false, is a myth that must be eliminated. The theme of the MMR (measles, mumps and measles) autism caused by mercury component in England had caused many parents stopped vaccinating their children, causing an epidemic of measles in some cases were fatal. The physician who published the study acknowledged that it had manipulated the results and, at present, is banned for life and can not practice medicine and international research journal that published the article had to apologize publicly. Side effects from vaccines are very rare and cases appearing in public opinion, are consistent with the given problems and not consistent with the same vaccine.

 

Diphtheria case: how the patient affects

Diphtheria is a bacterial disease caused by Corynebacterium diftheriae affecting especially children under six. It is transmitted by direct contact through saliva droplets produced by coughing or sneezing. Causes, if not infected child be vaccinated a cold symptoms that progresses with painful swallowing, swollen by the neck, increased body temperature and the presence of a membrane in the tonsillar area. This membrane is responsible for the fatal when clinical disease by causing progressive respiratory distress accurate, in most cases, performing a tracheotomy so that the child can receive artificial respiration.Formerly this disease caused many deaths. Thanks to vaccination, cases of diphtheria in Spain had disappeared over 25 years ago. Unfortunately, however, it appeared last year in Olot a case with fatal consequences for the affected child. Treatment is by antibiotics and administration of diphtheria antitoxin.

 

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Fernando García-Sala Viguer
Pediatrics

Dr. Fernando García-Sala Viguer is a specialist in pediatrics and neonatology with over 30 years of professional experience. It MD Cum Laude and former vice president of UNICEF in Valencia. He has had numerous publications in national and international journals of Pediatrics, Physiology and Nutrition and has participated as a speaker at numerous conferences on Pediatrics.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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