Implantology is the branch of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery aimed at replacing a missing tooth by placing a titanium fixture that will function dental root. These dental implants, commonly made of titanium, have the ability to integrate into the bone to form a stable bond allowing the placement of artificial teeth or dentures that will attached to them. This process is called osseointegration.
Using dental implants can be stably replace the absence of a single tooth or rehabilitate all mouth and functionally aesthetic fixed prostheses. These titanium fixtures also can be used to stabilize a complete denture removable, providing improved patient comfort and masticatory ability.
Sometimes they used as adjunctive therapy to function as orthodontic anchors.
Types of Dental Implants
In contemporary implantology there are several types of implants, which are applied depending on the amount of remaining bone in the patient.
Conventional implants are those implants whose length and diameter is similar to a tooth root and be placed in those cases where the patient still has enough remaining bone for implant placement conventionally.
However, when the degree of bone atrophy is so severe that you can not place a conventional implant or perform a regeneration predictably have zygomatic implants or pteriogoideos, which are longer and will be anchored in the zygomatic bone or the pterygoid and are called.
The use of zygomatic implants has been a drastic change in implantology, allowing treat cases in which classically could not provide a fixed prosthetic solution implantoretenida.
Benefits of dental implantology
The main benefits of using this technique are significant reduction in time and treatment morbidity compared to the difficult and costly bone regeneration techniques as applied in severe cases.
By using this type of fastener, the patient can lead today a temporary prosthesis fixed on the day of implant placement with predictable results. Classically, these patients should be without dentures for a long time to ensure the integration of large bone regenerations applied.
Care needed for dental implants
Around dental implants similar to that present in periodontium teeth therefore require adequate daily hygiene to avoid complications in time biological junction is formed.
This hygiene should be performed three times a day the same way you do with your natural teeth and should be complemented with instruments specific hygiene as interdental brushes, angled brushes or specific brushes implants that allow us to better hygiene between the prosthesis and the gum .
It is very important also avoid the risk factors that may affect our oral health: poor oral hygiene, snuff or periodontitis, gum disease.
The patient also should follow a maintenance program aimed at preventing bacterial contamination of implants and control possible mismatches of the prosthesis by wear and use over time.